Papers

Search results

A Comprehensive Study of Modern Gasification Slags and Refractories Used in Gasifiers to Guide the Development of Novel/Improved Lining Materials

Jinichiro Nakano

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 107 - 112

Keywords: gasification, refractory, slag, IGCC, V2O3, mullite

A Critical Analysis of Anchor Spacing in Refractory Lining Design

V. C. Pandolfelli, M. A. L. Braulio, B. H. Teider, C. A. Goulart

Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 92 - 102

Keywords: refractory lining, design, anchoring system

A Low Cost, Sustainable Source of Alumina for Thermal Insulation

Howard Epstein

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 69 - 74

Keywords: alumina, recycling, sustainable development, insulating firebricks, secondary materials

A New Device for Measuring Hot Thermal Shock, Thermal Cycling and Other High Temperature Properties of Refractories

Friedrich Raether, Jens Baber, Gerhard Seifert

Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 77 - 80

Keywords: thermal shock tests, refractory service life, thermo-optical measuring devices

A Novel Model for Drying Refractory Castables

Jürgen Pötschke

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 99-106

Keywords: drying, spalling, refractory castables, heating rate, temperature conductivity, calculation of drying parametersrnrn

A Novel Processing Route for Alumina/Mullite-Based Refractory Materials

V. Reschke, M. Scheffler, U. Betke, U. Betke

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 81 - 85

Keywords: mullite/alumina composite, alumina precipitation

A Review of Bond Systems for Monolithic Castable Refractories

Jean-Michel Auvray, Magali Szepizdyn, Christoph Wöhrmeyer, Chris Parr, Carl Zetterstrom

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 63 - 72

Keywords: monolithic castable refractories, bond systems

A View in the Future of the Melting Technology and Refractory Materials for the Glass Industry

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 69-74

Keywords: Submerge combustion melter, rnsegmented thin film melter, glass melt, corrosion of refractories, infiltrating and refining of rnrefractoriesrnrn

Abrasion Resistance of Shotcreted Low Cement Castable at Elevated Temperatures

Z. Aslanoglu

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 89 - 92

Keywords: shotcrete, dry gunning, blast abrasion, low cement castable

Abrasion Wear Properties of Low Cement Castable with Boron Addition

Ziya Aslanoglu

Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 89 - 92

Actual Trends for the Tundish Refractory Lining

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 6

Additives for High Purity Reduced Cement Castables

G. Assis, H. Fryda, S. Li, C. Parr

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 87 - 92

Keywords: alumina, low cement castables, placing properties, additives, water demand, flow properties, hardening properties

Advanced Anorthite Lightweight Castables for Carbon-Containing Atmosphere Application

Vladimir V. Primachenko, Natalya M. Kaznacheeva, Inna U. Kostyrko, Valeriy V. Martynenko

Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 77 - 83

Keywords: heat insulating castables, anorthite, microporous aggregate, carbon­containing atmosphere

Advanced Ceramic Filtering Materials: a Contribution to Clean Steel Technologies

Anne Schmidt, Steffen Dudczig, Jana Hubalkova, Enrico Storti, Christos G. Aneziris

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 117 - 120

Keywords: ceramic filters, clean steel technology

Advanced Creep Testing of Refractories Providing New Insight into Material Behaviour

Harald Harmuth, Romain Techer, Dietmar Gruber, Stefan Schachner, Shengli Jin, Pierre Meunier

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 63 - 67

Keywords: creep behaviour, monolithic refractories

Advantages of Liquid Phosphate Bonded Refractories

J. Decker

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 89 - 92

Aggregate Effects on the Thermal Shock Resistance of Spinel-Forming Refractory Castables

G.B. Cintra, V.C. Pandofelli, Y.W. Li, M.A.L. Braulio

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 102 - 106

Keywords: thermal shock resistance, calcium hexaluminate (CA6), spinel-forming castables

Aggregates for Non-ferrous Applications

C. Parr, H. Fryda, E. Frier, C. Wöhrmeyer

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 73 - 78

Al2O3–SiO2 Nano-Bonded Castables Containing a Boron-Based Sintering Additive

A. P. Luz, V. C. Pandolfelli, C. Pagliosa, E. Prestes, M. A. M. Brito

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 107 - 115

Keywords: castable, boron, alumina, silica

Alkali Corrosion-Resistant Heat Insulation Materials

Christos G. Aneziris, Nora Brachhold

Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 69 - 73

Keywords: alkali corrosion, alkali aluminosilicates, heat insulation material, cement industry

Alumina-Carbon Refractory Castables Containing Calcium-Aluminate Coatings on Graphite

S. Moitra, H. Acharjee, A. Chakraborty, R. Halder, S. Mukhopadhyay

Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 79 - 84

Keywords: graphite, calcium aluminate, refractory castable

Alumosilicate “Made in Germany”: High-temperature Raw Material with Excellent Innovation Potential

Daniel Cölle

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 81-88

Keywords: luting sand, natural alumosilicate, innovation made in Germany

Andalusite : An Attractive Raw Material for its Excellent Thermal Shock Resistance

M.L. Bouchetou, L. Colombel, P. Hubert, J. Poirier

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 93 - 102

Andalusite Matrix for Light Castables

Ningshen Zhou, Xiao-Yong Xiong

Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 94 - 98

Anode Baking Furnaces – Wear of Applied Refractories

Rainer Telle, Thorsten Tonnesen

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 84 - 89

Keywords: anode baking process, top ring pit furnace, wear, refractories

Application of Electric Voltages for Improved Protection of MgO Refractory Materials

G. Mori, R.K. Sauerbrey

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 105 - 110

Keywords: ceramic electrodes, polarization, cathodic corrosion protection

Aspects of Elastification Reactions in Basic Cement Kiln Bricks

Stefan Uhlendorf, Hans-Jürgen Klischat, Johannes Södje

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 53 - 62

Keywords: chromite-free brick, magnesia, spinel mineral, cement rotary kiln

ATEX – Explosion Protection at any Price? Maximum Protection with Minimum Additional Investments

B. Bass, A. Riley, X. Knöpfle

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 79 - 82

Behaviour of Olivine Refractories at High Temperature: Agglomeration in a Fluidized Bed Reactor

Mohamed Ramzi Ammar, Patrick Simon, Emmanuel de Bilbao, Rudy Michel, Jacques Poirier

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 95 - 98

Keywords: olivine refractory, fluidized bed, Raman spectrometry, in situ XRD

Better Designing and Evaluation of Insulating Foamed Ceramics

Victor C. Pandolfelli

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 90 - 94

Keywords: foamed ceramics, environmental friendly processing, thermal insulating ceramics, mechanical properties

Bonded Refractories for Extreme Conditions in the Top of Regenerators

Klaus Santowski, Christian Majcenovic, Rongxing Bei

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 53-58

Keywords: regenerator top, bonded refractories

Bridging the Gap between Refractory Supplier and the Refractory User in the Steel Plant → Real Value-in-Use

S. Sinnema, W. Tesselaar, R. Siebring

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 71 - 75

Keywords: refractory costs, recycling, Value-in-Use model

Bubbles as Criteria for Refractory Corrosion by Glass

Heiko Hessenkemper, Anne-Katrin Rössel, David Tritschel, Rolf Weigand

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 77-80

Keywords: blistering, refractory corrosion, glass melt, oxygen depression

Carbon Nanotubes: Application in Carbon Containing Refractories

Ming Luo, Yawei Li

Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 117 - 125

Keywords: CNTs, microstructural evolution, coating, in situ, carbon containing refractories

Carbstone: Sustainable Valorisation Technology for Fine Grained Steel Slags and CO2*

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 75-79

Keywords: Carbonation, steel slag, CO2, recycling

Castables with Improved Corrosion Resistance Based upon a Novel Calcium Aluminate Cement

C. Parr, H. Fryda, J. M. Auvray, C.Wöhrmeyer, S. Li

Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 99 - 105

Keywords: calcium magnesium aluminate cement formulations, steel-making refractories

Cellular Magnesia/Carbon Refractories: Processing, (Thermo-)Mechanical Characterization and Finite Element Modeling

D. Quinten, S. Diebels, G. Falk, A. Jung, D. Foetz, T. Bleistein

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 102 - 109

Keywords: reticulated vitreous carbon, thermal shock, FEM modeling

Cement-Free Refractory Concretes for Stress-Reduced Structures

Hans-Jürgen Klischat, Bertram Kesselheim, Thomas Schemmel, Kai Beimdiek

Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 43 - 50

Keywords: no-cement concretes, sol-gel bonding, geopolymer bonding, stress-reducing monolithic linings

Ceramic Heat Pipes for High Temperature Application

Simon Unz, Michael Beckmann, Nina Hack

Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 72 - 78

Keywords: ceramic heat pipes, high temperature, thermosiphon, zinc, heat pipe heat exchanger

Characterization of a New Sintered Calcium Aluminate Cement

M. A. Reis, L. C. Ribeiro, L. L. H. C.Ferreira, M. M. M. Novo, P. M. Nakachima, A. L. Pereira, E. R. Passos

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 67 - 70

Keywords: calcium aluminate cement, sintering, bauxite, lime

Clay-rich Rocks and Mining Wastes for the Production of Lightweight Aggregates with Thermal Insulation Properties

S. Kavouri, D. Alfieris, E. Tziritis, H. Bedelean, M.G. Stamatakis, M. Gorea

Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 85 - 93

Keywords: raw material, clayey diatomite, absorption, lightweight, aggregates, insulation

Clayey Diatomite from a Deposit in Central Greece – A Multifunctional Raw Material for Absorption and Insulation

Professor M.G. Stamatakis, Dr G.N. Georgiades

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 82 - 88

Keywords: raw material, clayey diatomite, absorption, lightweight, aggregates, insulation

Coarse-Grained Ceramic Heat Shields Made by Pressure Slip Casting

Christos G. Aneziris, Friederike Lange, Holger Grote, Nora Gerlach

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 101 - 104

Keywords: pressure slip casting, heat shield, coarse-grained ceramics

Colloidal Alumina as a Novel Castable Bonding System

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 7

Comparison of Cement- and Hydratable Alumina-Bonded Alumina-Spinel Materials for Steel Ladle Purging Plugs

Bin Long, Jerry Dutton, In-Ho Jung, Shengli Jin, Andreas Buhr, Harald Harmuth

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 93 - 106

Keywords: Al2O3–MgO–CaO, FactSage analysis, cement bonded castable, no-cement castable, hydratable alumina, fracture behaviour, spalling, microstructure, steel ladle purging plug

Computer Based Materials Selection for Furnace Walls

Hartmut Krause, Hartmut Kern, Gerd Walter

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 74 - 79

Keywords: Industrial furnaces, kilns, walls, material selection, optimisation, minimum overall costs, computer programme, practical application

Concept and Practice of High Performance Lightweight Castables

Bi Yubao, Li Jiwei, Shi Kai, Zhou Ningsheng

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 63 - 74

Keywords: lightweight aggregate, lightweight castable, monolithic refractories

Concerted Effort in the European Refractory Sector to Consolidate and Make EN Testing Standards Future-Proof

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 85 - 86

Keywords: EN testing standards for refractories

Consequences of Humid Refractory in Vacuum Metallurgy

Jürgen Pötschke

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 93 - 104

Keywords: steam explosion, metal infiltration and cleanliness, hydrogen formation, blowholes, brucite, graphite, ice, castables drying

Contribution to Melt Refinement of Special Steels with Calcium Aluminate in Open Induction Furnaces

Dr.-Ing. Manfred Markworth, Dipl.-Ing. Johannes Schadock, Dr.rer.nat. Johannes Södje, Dr.-Ing. Peter Bartha, Horst Diesing

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 72 - 81

Keywords: melt refinement, special steels, calcium aluminate, open induction furnaces, minimizing non-metallic inclusions in high-alloy steel castings, corundum-spinel furnace linings, use of scrap metal

Contribution to the Characteristic Improvement of Carbon Bonded Doloma Refractories by Addition of TiO2

Christos G. Aneziris, Erwan Guéguen, Keith Hill, Volker Stein

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 113 - 116

Keywords: Doloma carbon refractories, carbon content, TiO2

Contribution to the Slagging of MgO in Secondary Metallurgical Slags

C. Brüggmann

Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 105 - 109

Keywords: ladle slag, MgO saturation, wear and corrosion of MgO refractories

Corrosion Behaviour of Refractory Materials in the Systems Cr2O3
and Cr2O3 – Al2O3 against Glass Melts in Subject to their Composition and the Thermal Conditions

M. Freund

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 93 - 96

Keywords: corrosion, Cr2O3 refractories, Cr3O3-Al2O3 refractories

Corrosion Mechanisms of Refractory Materials Used in Secondary Metallurgy

Franz Melcher, Harald Harmuth

Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 99 - 104

Keywords: magnesia chromite bricks, alumina spinel castable, corrosion, ladle slag, RH degasser, ladle, thermochemical calculations, FactSage

Corrosion of Al2SiO5–SiC and Al2SiO5–ZrSiO4 Refractories in the Corroding Medium of the External Heat Exchanger of Cement Kiln

Jacek Szczerba, Dominika Madej

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 91 - 94

Keywords: corrosion, external heat exchanger of cement kiln, andalusite refractories, SiC, ZrSiO4

Corrosion of High Alumina Castables by Liquid Ashes during the Gasification of Sewage Sludge

C. Bourgel, J. Poirier, R. Boigelot

Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 69 - 72

Keywords: gasification, sewage sludge, inorganics, refractories

Corundum and Bauxite-based Concretes – Non-destructive Testing of Mechanical Properties and its Correlation with the Sintering Process

Ljubica Pavlovic´, A. Terzic´

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 80-85

Keywords: ultrasonic pulse velocity, sintering, porosity, refractory concrete, image analysis, creeprn

Cost Effective Process and Quality Control by XRF for better Lifetime of Ceramic and Refractory Products

Karl-Eugen Mauser, Kai Behrens

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 96 - 98

Keywords: X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, analytical quality control, process control, centralized calibration

Dense Silica – Properties, Production and Perspectives

Pavel Kovár, Karel Lang, Leopold Vašica, Miroslav Kotouček, Lenka Nevrivová

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 65 - 68

Keywords: silica bricks, thermal properties, thermal conductivity, abrasion resistance, glass furnace, coke ovens

Design of Self-Flow Chemically-Bonded Castables*

Ana P. Luz, Victor C. Pandolfelli, Daniel T. Gomes, Simone J. S. Lopes

Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 79 - 84

Keywords: petrochemical industry, aluminium industry, castable, flowability

Designing Insulating Ceramic Foams for High-Temperature Furnace Lining*

Jose A. Rodrigues, Victor C. Pandolfelli, Waldemar T. Neto, Vania R. Salvini

Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 74 - 78

Keywords: furnace lining, porous ceramics, foams

Designing Stronger and Tougher MgO–C Bricks for Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF)

C. Resende, A. P. Luz, V. C. Pandolfelli, C. Pagliosa

Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 89 - 93

Keywords: V. C. Pandolfelli, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Determination of Permeability for Refractories: From Standard Test Methods to Improved Interpretation Technique of the Experimental Data

T. Tonnesen, R. Telle, E. de Bilbao, L. Loison, J. Poirier

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 113 - 116

Keywords: permeability, refractories, Darcy flow regime, Klinkenberg plot

Determination of Resistance to Abrasion at Ambient Temperature – in Order to Establish Better Comparability Between Laboratories, Existing Standards Have to Be Revised

Gerhard Urbanek, Hartmut Körber, Olaf Krause

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 59 - 64

Keywords: blast abrasion, refractory wear, interlaboratory comparison, round robin test results

Development and Application of Andalusite-Based Bricks for the Rotary Hearth Furnace of a Wheel and Axle Plant

I. Roy, R. K. Pradhan, D. Mustafi, D. Halder

Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 87 - 91

Keywords: mullite, rotary hearth roof, high thermal shock resistant, high alumina refractory

Development and Deployment of Shotcrete Refractories for Aluminium Rotary Furnace Application

Angela Rodrigues-Schroer, Dominick Colavito, Jeffrey D. Smith, James G. Hemrick, Kelley O’Hara

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 73 - 78

Keywords: shotcrete, aluminum, rotary, furnace

Development of Nitride-Bonded SiC Refractories by MgO and Nanocomposite (MgO/SiC) Additives

N. lotfian, P. Asgarian, A. A. Nourbakhsh

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 106 - 112

Keywords: N–SiC, nanocomposite, refractory

Development of Novel Carbon Sources to Strengthen and Toughen Carbon-Containing Refractories

Yawei Li, Qinghu Wang

Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 80 - 88

Keywords: expanded graphite, β-SiC whiskers, SiOx spheres, Al2O3–C refractories

Development of Soderberg Carbon Electrodes Bonded with a Carbon Nanofbre Reinforced Coal-Tar Pitch

D. Castaño-Laviana, M. Miranda-Martínez, J. R. Campello-García

Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 63 - 67

Keywords: Soderberg electrodes, coal-tar pitch, carbon nanofbres

Dispersants and their Effects on Hydratable Alumina Containing Castables

aaaaa, I.R. Oliveira, V.C. Pandolfelli, xxx, I.R. Oliveira

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 103 - 109

Dispersing Technology and the Impact from Inherent Formulation Variations

J. Pommay, E. Frier, C. Wöhrmeyer, C. Zetterström, Ch. Parr

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 59 - 68

Keywords: deflocculation mechanism, LCC castables

Dispersion Properties of Colloidal Graphite

E. Salahi, G. Schmidt, H. Majidian

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 88-92

Effect of Additives and Installation Temperatures on Setting Behaviour and Mechanical Properties of Self-flowing Silica Bonded No-cement Castables

Bjørn Myhre, Hong Peng

Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 75 - 80

Keywords: dispersants, curing temperature, temperature dependence, no-cement castable (NCCs), microsilica-gel bond

Effect of Alumina Fines on High Alumina Self-flow Low Cement Castables

Anwesha Parija, Ritwik Sarkar

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 73 - 78

Keywords: castable, distribution coefficient, self-flow, alumina fines

Effect of Boehmite Addition on Sintering Behaviour of Mullite Precursor Synthesized from Bauxite, Fly Ash and Precipitated Silica

Tapan Kumar Parya, Arabinda Mondal, Souvik Dey

Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 85 - 92

Keywords: bauxite, fly ash, mullite, boehmite, reaction sintering

Effect of Cement and Sol Combined Binders on High-Alumina Refractory Castables

Jatothu Srinivas, Arabinda Mondal, Ritwik Sarkar

Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 73 - 78

Keywords: cement, sol, combined binder, alumina castable, properties

Effect of Flake Graphite Size on the Thermal Conductivity of Blast Furnace Carbon Refractories

X. Chen, S. Ge, B. Qiang, Y.W. Li, W. Zhang

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 107 - 110

Keywords: carbon refractories, flake graphite size, thermal conductivity, anisotropy

Effect of Increase in Basicity of Slag on the Corrosion of Tundish DVM

Ritwik Sarkar, Atanu R. Pal, Mousom Bag

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 45 - 48

Keywords: tundish slag, basicity, DVM, corrosion

Effect of Particle Size Change on the Hydration Behaviour of Calcium Aluminate Cements

Yajuan Wang, Qingfeng Wang, Bin Guo, Xuejun Shang, Chuanyin Zhang, Guotian Ye

Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 75 - 78

Keywords: calcium aluminate cement, hydration, particle size

Effect of Pyrolusite on the Densification Behaviour of Alumina-kaolin System: Towards Sintered High Alumina Refractory Aggregate

Debasis Bhattacharya, Surajit Gupta, Swapan Kumar Das, Manidip Jana

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 61 - 68

Keywords: high alumina, pyrolusite, densification, refractory aggregate

Effects of Metallic Additions on Fired Ceramic Materials

Werner Schoenwelski, Jens Sperber, Stephan Becker

Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 67 - 71

Keywords: fred ceramics, metal addition

Effects of Microsilica Powder on Microstructure

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 6

Effects of Temperature on the Synthesis of SiAlON and SiAlON Composite Material from Aluminium Dross

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 76 - 80

Keywords: SiAlON synthesis, aluminium dross, secundary raw materials

Engineering the Microstructural Parameters of Erosion Resistant High Alumina Castables

A. P. Luz, V. C. Pandolfelli, D. T. Gomes, V. A. A. Santos

Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 84 - 92

Keywords: erosion, particle size distribution, calcium aluminate cement, refractory castables

Equilibrium Phase Relations in the Al2O3–CaO–Cr2O3 System in Air

Andrie M. Garbers-Craig, Shengqiang Song

Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 70 - 74

Keywords: Al2O3–CaO–Cr2O3, phase relations, calcium alumina cement, Cr(VI), Ca4Al6CrO16

ER 2001 SLX – Very Low Exudation AZS Product for Glass Furnace Superstructures

M. Gaubil, C. Morand, I. Cabodi

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 83 - 86

Evaluation of Phase Diagrams with Regard to Alkali Resistance of Calcium Aluminates at High Temperatures

Christos G. Aneziris, Tobias Hölscher, Ernst Schlegel

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 113 - 117

Keywords: calcium aluminates, alkali, corrosion,calculation of volume changes, high temperature thermal insulation

Fiber-Free Ceramic Insulation Foam for Highest Temperatures – a New Generation of HSE-Friendly Refractory Products with Multiple Application Possibilities

Laurie San-Miguel, Matthias Schumann

Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 50 - 58

Keywords: ceramic foam, insulating ceramic foam, high-purity ceramic foam, energy saving ceramic, fiber-free insulation ceramic

Five Years after Market Launch – Experiences with BSA 96

Sebastian Klaus, Andreas Buhr, Dagmar Schmidtmeier, Marion Schnabel, Jerry Dutton

Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 87 - 92

Keywords: alumina sintered aggregates, high alumina bricks, alumina magnesia carbon bricks, monolithics

Foam Sprayed Porous Insulating Refractories

A.P. Luz, V.C. Pandolfelli, V.R. Salvini

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 93 - 97

Keywords: foamed ceramics, porous, ceramics, insulating refractory materials

Fracture Process Zone in Refractory Castables after High-Temperature Thermal Shock

N. Traon, A. Tengstrand, S. Etzold, A. Malmgren, T. Tonnesen, E. Nylund, J. Schnieder, R. Telle

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 74 - 80

Keywords: Refractories, high temperature thermal shock, eutectic aggregates, liquid phase bridging

Functional Spinel-Binder Based Additives for Improved MgO–C Performance in Ladle Applications

Christos G. Aneziris, Christoph Wohrmeyer, Christopher Parr, Patrick Gehre

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 83 - 88

Keywords: refractories, MgO–C, spinel, ladle

Functionalized Systems for Monolithics and Prefabs

Christos G. Aneziris, Nora Gerlach

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 49 - 58

Keywords: monolithics, prefabs, functionalizing of refractories

Functionally Graded Materials Made by Water-Based Multilayer Technology

Eric Schwarzer, Alexander Michaelis, Tim Slawik, Hans-Jurgen Richter, Uwe Scheithauer, Tassilo Moritz

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 95 - 101

Keywords: functionally graded material, graded microstructure, multilayer, tape casting

Fused Cast AZS Refractory Materials — Structure and Structural Changes during Application

Dipl.-Ing. Bernhard Fleischmann

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 63-68

Keywords: alumina-zirconia-silica (AZS) refractories, microstructure, soda-lime-silica glass, glass melting, glass furnaces

Future Research in Refractories: A Roadmap Approach

H. Spindler, K. Lenk, Chr. G. Aneziris, Anja Geigenmüller

Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 68 - 74

Keywords: roadmap, strategic planning,refractories, materials synthesis, preparation, processing, testing, modeling

Green Refractories – Concepts, Approaches and Practices

Liu Jiehua, Zhou Ningsheng

Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 99 - 110

Keywords: green refractory, monolithic refractories, resource conservation, energy saving, environment- and eco-friendly development trend

Heat Transfer Design Considerations for Refractory Linings with Steel Anchors, Part 2

Tony Howes, Greg Palmer

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 97 - 101

Keywords: Heat transfer analysis, refractory linings, steel anchors, 2D and 3D thermal analysis

Heat Transfer Design Considerations for Refractory Linings, Part 1

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 94-98

Keywords: Heat transfer, refractory linings, design considerationsrn

Heat-resistant Silicon Carbide Refractories for Gasification Reactors

Mathias Herrmann, Sören Höhn, Steffen Kunze, Gert Himpel, Heike Heymer, Gisela Standke, Jörg Adler

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 75 - 82

Keywords: recrystallized silicon carbide, RSiC, corrosion, gasification reactors

Heating Glass during Vacuum Moulding with Porous Burners

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 68 - 70

Heating Industrial Furnaces Clean and Efficient

J. G. Wünning

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 59 -62

High Alumina Self-flow Castables with Different Binders

Akash Satpathy, Ritwik Sarkar

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 98 - 102

Keywords: self-flow castable, silica sol, high alumina cement

High Emissivity Coatings – Do they Really Work?

Sam Bonsall, Jim W. Stendera

Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 067 - 072

Keywords: thermal efficiency, industrial furnaces, emissivity

High Temperature Behaviour of Hercynite

Jacek Szczerba, Ilona Jastrzebska

Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 68 - 76

Keywords: hercynite, FeAl2O4, spinel, structure

High Temperature Corrosion of Anchor Systems for Refractory

Gangolf Stegh, Wolfgang Bleck

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 68 - 73

Keywords: High temperature corrosion, reducing, nitriding, carborizing, sulfidizing, chlorinating, high-alloy steel, nickel-based alloy

High Temperature Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Refractory Castables: Impact of Eutectic Aggregates and Testing Methods

J. Schnieder, T. Chotard, T. Tonnesen, Y. Belrhiti, R. Telle, A. Villalba Weinberg, N. Traon, M. Huger, A. Villalba Weinberg

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 116 - 126

Keywords: functional aggregates, thermal shock resistance, wake region, toughening mechanism

High-Alumina Chemically Bonded Refractory Castables Containing Liquid or Powdered Binders

S. J. S. Lopes, V. C. Pandolfelli, D. T. Gomes, A. P. Luz

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 68 - 73

Keywords: alumina, phosphate, refractory castable, magnesia

High-performance Nano-bonded Castables for Petrochemical Applications

V.C. Pandolfelli, D.T. Gomes, J. Medeiros, E. Prestes, J.L.B.C. Veiga Petrobras

Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 111 - 116

Keywords: nano-bonded castables, colloidal silica, sintering additives

High-performance Nano-bonded Refractories for a Wide Temperature Range

Victor C. Pandolfelli, Jorivaldo Medeiros, Jorge B. Gallo, Mariana A. L. Braulio

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 75 - 79

Keywords: colloidal binders, densification, erosion and thermal shock resistances

High-Temperature Mechanical Characterisation of In-Situ Forming Spinel-Alumina Castables Using Magnesia or Magnesite as Raw Material

N. Preux, C. Dannert, V. Lardot, F. Holleyn, F. Cambier, O. Krause, P. Pilate, E. Brochen

Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 82 - 87

Keywords: temperature, strength, castable, spinel, alumina

High-temperature Oxidation Behaviour of MAX Phase Ceramics

William Edward Lee, Bai Cui

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 105 - 112

Keywords: MAX phase, ceramics, oxidation, microstructure

Hot Corrosion Resistance of Aluminosilicate Refractories – Comparative Tests in the Secondary Combustion Chamber of a Hazardous Waste Incinerator

Cyrille Varona, Xavier Chaucherie, Jacques Poirier, Adrian Villalba Weinberg, Dominique Goeuriot

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 57 - 62

Keywords: alkali attack, sulphur, mullite, hazardous waste incinerator

Hot Modulus of Rupture Model of Refractory Materials

Jiří Hamáček, Jan Urbánek, Jan Macháček

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 83 - 88

Keywords: hot modulus of rupture, refractory castables, model

Identifcation of Organic Admixtures in Cement Dry Mix Systems Using MDRS

P. Quirmbach, C. Wöhrmeyer, A. Sax, C. Parr, J.M. Faure, D. Hahn, K. Benyahia

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 38 - 42

Keywords: cement, Raman analysis, organic admixtures

Impact of Magnesia Grain Size on the In Situ Spinel Formation in Al2O3–MgO–C Refractories

Homeyra Heydari Boroujeni, Mehdi Naeemi, Ali Baghaei

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 80 - 85

Keywords: alumina-magnesia-carbon, spinel, grain size, carbon containing refractories

Implementation of Novel Carbon Bonded Filter Materials for Steel Melt Filtration – an Overview

Chr. G. Aneziris, M. Emmel

Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 73 - 82

Keywords: ceramic foam filter, steel melt filtration, carbon bonded oxides

Improved Corrosion Resistance of Alumina-Spinel Castable by Colloidal Alumina Addition

E.Y. Sako, V.C. Pandolfelli, E. Zinngrebe, M.A.L. Braulio, S. van der Laan

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 117 - 120

Keywords: colloidal alumina, aluminaspinel, castables, corrosion resistance

Improved Thermal Shock Resistance of Magnesium Aluminate Spinel Ceramics by Aluminium Titanate Additions

Christos G. Aneziris, Kirsten Moritz

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 67 - 73

Keywords: magnesium aluminate spinel, aluminum titanate, thermal shock resistance, dynamic Young’s modulus

Improvement in Dispersion Properties of Graphite Powder by Al(OH)3 Coating through Turbidimetry Measurements

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 107-109

Keywords: rngraphite powders, Al(OH)3 coating, mechanical milling, turbidimetryrn

Improvement of Gaseous Corrosion Resistance of Refractories by Pore Structure Design According to the Seepage Flow Model

Ren Bo, Xu Yibiao, Li Yawei, Sang Shaobai

Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 111 - 117

Keywords: gaseous corrosion, pore structure, seepage flow model

Improvement of Methods of Fused Periclase Crystal Size Determination

I. G. Maryasev, A. A. Platonov, D. R. Melnikova, L. M. Akselrod

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 66 - 72

Keywords: periclase, microscopy

Improvement of Refractory Castables with an Innovative Calcium Aluminate Binder System

Holger Schaffhauser, Doug Ostrander, Robert Stacy, Nikolaus Kreuels

Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 88 - 94

Keywords: castables, Ca-aluminate binder system, calcium aluminate cements

Improvements in Drying Behaviour and Explosion Resistance of Microsilica-Gel Bonded No-Cement Castables

Bjørn Myhre, Hong Peng

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 61 - 66

Keywords: drying behaviour, fast heat-up, no-cement castable (NCCs), microsilica-gel bond

Improving Corrosion Behaviour of Magnesia-chrome Refractories by Addition of Nanoparticles

Ali Talimian, Farhad Golestani Fard

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 93 - 98

Keywords: magnesia chromite, corrosion, nanoparticles, vacuum impregnation

Improving Deskulling Properties of Tundish Linings by some Sulphate Binders

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 85 - 87

Industrial Experience with Spinel-bonded Magnesia Checker Bricks in the Regenerator Condensation Zone

Bernhard Schmalenbach, Gerald Gelbmann, Christian Majcenovic, Rongxing Bei

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 91 - 93

Keywords: magnesia-spinel, checker bricks, glass industry, Na2SO4 and SO3 resistance

Influence of Different Matrix Components on the Rheological and Mechanical Properties of High-Alumina LC Castables

Udo Martin, Mario Bernard, Maria Webb-Janich

Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 79 - 84

Keywords: deflocculants, high-alumina LC castables

Influence of Different Testing Methods on the Thermal Shock Resistance of Alumina Castable Samples

Nan Li, Christos G. Aneziris, Yaowu Wei

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 107-112

Keywords: thermal shock resistance, testing methods, alumina castables

Innovative Lining Concepts for Hazardous Waste Incineration

Ralf Burgard, Franz-Josef Duennes, Jens Sperber

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 85 - 89

Keywords: lining, waste incineration, mixed waste technology, post-combustion, chamber, rotary kilns, incinerators

Insights on in situ MgAl2O4 Formation Mechanism and its Correlation with the Corrosion Resistance of Spinel-containing Refractory Castables

Mariana A.L. Braulio, Victor C. Pandolfelli, Eric Y. Sako, Eric Y. Sako

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 79 - 83

Keywords: spinel castables, in situ formation, corrosion resistance

Insulating Refractory Bricks for Glass Industry, Possibilities of Production and Testing of Their Properties

Karel Lang, Lukáš Tvrdík, Tomáš Strouhal, Pavel Kovár, Lenka Nevrivová

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 77 - 80

Keywords: insulating refractory bricks, glass, furnace, silica bricks, insulating bottom, blocks

Interactions between Molten Aluminum and Various Refractory Materials

Werner Schoenwelski, Jens Sperber, Markus Bay, Viktor Schönhof

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 76 - 82

Keywords: aluminium, refractories, nitride bond

Interface Reactions in Fine-Grained Al2O3-Ceramics with TiO2- and ZrO2-Additions for Refractory Applications as Investigated by XCT and EBSD

Christos G. Aneziris, Dániel Veres, Harry Berek

Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 85 - 90

Keywords: Al2O3, ZrO2, TiO2, thermal shock, EBSD, XCT, microstructure

Investigation of Corrosion Mechanisms between Copper and Lead Melts with Various Refractory Materials

Werner Schoenwelski, Jens Sperber, Viktor Schönhof

Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 68 - 74

Keywords: microscopic investigation, crucible tests, corrosion mechanisms

Investigation of Silica Gels as Adsorbents in SO2 Enriched Gases

Christos G. Aneziris, Stefan Thiel, Steffen Krzack, Friederike Klenert

Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 85 - 93

Keywords: adsorption of SO2, desorption of SO2, regeneration of adsorbents, flue gas treatment, silica gel

Investigation of Testing Parameters Influencing the Permanent Linear Change Testing Results of Dense Refractory Bricks

D. Castaño-Laviana, M. Miranda-Martínez, J. R. Campello-García

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 113 - 118

Keywords: permanent linear change, testing standard, interlaboratory tests

Investigation of the Elastic Properties of Dense Ceramics of the Binary System Al2O3-ZrO2 after Thermal Shocks

Thorsten Tonnesen, Rainer Telle, Gabriela Diniz Franca, Nicolas Traon, Pierluigi Piccolo

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 119 - 126

Keywords: thermal shock, impulse excitation technique, partially stabilised zirconia, Young’s modulus, damping, non-linearity

Investigation of the Factors Influencing the Bulk Density and Open Porosity Testing Results for Refractory Materials

S. Clasen, C. Dannert, E. Dahlem

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 95 - 104

Keywords: bulk density, open porosity, testing standard, interlaboratory tests

Investigation of the Main Factors Susceptible to Influence the Modulus of Rupture Testing Results of Refractory Materials

Isabella Mastroianni, Veronique Lardot, Francis Cambier, Jean-Pierre Erauw

Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 95 - 103

Keywords: modulus of rupture, testing standard, design of experiments, interlaboratory tests

Investigation of the Parameters Influencing the Refractoriness under Load (RuL) Testing Results for Refractory Materials

E. Dahlem, A. Stuppfler

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 87 - 94

Keywords: refractoriness under load, testing standard, interlaboratory tests

Investigation of the Testing Parameters Influencing the Cold Crushing Strength Testing Results of Refractory Materials

A. Gerle, J. Podworny, J. Czechowski

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 105 - 112

Keywords: cold crushing strength, testing standard, interlaboratory tests

Investigations of Porous Mullitic Materials Based on Greek Raw Materials for High Temperature Applications

G. Kostakis, Chr. G. Aneziris, S. Thomaidis

Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 80 - 86

Keywords: open porous mullitic material, bauxite, kaolin, fly ash

Investigations on Al2O3-C Refractories with a Self-glazing Effect

C.G. Aneziris, V. Roungos

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 145 - 149

Keywords: Alumina, graphite, refractories, carbon-bonded, glaze

KAlSiO4-based Potassium Aluminosilicates for Alkali Corrosive Environments

Christos G. Aneziris, Nora Brachhold

Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 93 - 98

Keywords: alkali corrosion, alkali aluminosilicates, KAlSiO4

Key Aspects on Refractories for Molten Aluminium Long-distance Delivery

D. R. G. Oliveira, J. B. Gallo, A. Fornaziero, M. A. L. Braulio, V. C. Pandolfelli

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 105 - 108

Keywords: molten metal delivery, energy savings, thermal efficiency

Latest Developments in Carbon Block for Blast Furnace

Shaobai Sang, Xilai Chen, Tianbin Zhu, Yawei Li, Yiwei Li

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 109 - 114

Keywords: carbon block, micropore structure, thermal conductivity, molten iron erosion, ceramic-bonded carbon technique

Lifetime Critical Analysis of Alumina Calciner Refractories

J. B. Gallo, M. A. L. Braulio, B. Graham, B. H. Teider, V. C. Pandolfelli

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 101-106

Keywords: refractories, calciners, alumina

Linking Customer Needs of Refractory Suppliers with Technological Requirements on the Refractories

Christos G. Aneziris, Leandro Schöttler, Jens Fruhstorfer

Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 71 - 75

Keywords: house of quality, quality function deployment, steel ingot casting, refractories

Low Temperature Molten Salt Synthesis of Complex Oxide and Carbide Powders and Coatings for Refractory Applications

Shaowei Zhang

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 140 - 144

Keywords: oxide powders, carbide powders, coatings, molten salt synthesis (MSS), magnesium aluminate spinel, conventional mixed oxide synthesis (CMOS)

Lower Consumptions by Lightening Refractories

Li Zhengkun, Ningsheng Zhou

Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 59 - 73

Keywords: lightweight aggregate, lightweight castable, property, application, monolithic refractories

Lowering of the Refractory Corrosion in High-temperature Processes

Heiko Hessenkemper, Anne-Katrin Rössel, David Tritschel, Rolf Weigand

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 73 - 75

Keywords: refractory corrosion, glass melt, finger test, surface treatment technology

Magnesia, an Essential Raw Material for Cement Kiln Refractories

Hans-Jürgen Klischat, Johannes Södje

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 77 - 84

Keywords: magnesite, magnesia, cement, rotary kiln, lining concept, refractory wear, resistance

Magnesia-Zirconia Refractory Materials with Aluminate Phases

Edyta Sniezek, Jacek Szczerba

Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 87 - 90

Keywords: MgO, CaZrO3, cement, corrosion

Manufacture of Refractory Multilayer Composites with Optimised Thermal and Chemical Properties Via the Tape Casting Process

Ingo Götschel, Andreas Roosen, Daniel Jakobsen

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 86 - 94

Keywords: refractories, ceramic multilayer technology, tape casting

Mathematical Modeling of RH-degasser Pipe Thermal Strain

L.M. Akselrod, V.G. Ovsyannikov, A.V. Zabolotskiy

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 49 - 56

Keywords: modeling, RH-degasser, thermal cracking, FEM

Methods of Assessing Monolithic Refractories for Material

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 4

MgO–C Bricks Containing Nano-boron Carbide

N. Freire, G. Cholodovskis, V. C. Pandolfelli, C. Pagliosa

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 89 - 92

Keywords: MgO-C bricks, boron carbide, nanotechonology

Microsilica-Gel Bonded Refractory Castables with Improved Set-Behaviour and Mechanical Properties

Bjørn Myhre, Hong Peng

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 69 -79

Keywords: no-cement castable, silica-sol, microsilica, gel-bond, additive

Microstructural Analysis of Magnesia Bricks Operating under Altered Conditions in the Regenerator Condensation Zone of Glass Melting Furnaces

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 57 - 62

Keywords: magnesia bricks, glass melting

Microstructural Development in Calcium Hexaluminate with and without Fe2O3 Doping at Different Forming Method

Manidip Jana, Swapan Kumar Das

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 61 - 65

Keywords: calcium hexaluminate, forming methods, additives, microstructure

Mineralogy and Thermodynamics in Refractories

Andus Buhr

Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 51 - 58

Keywords: phase diagrams, high alumina refractories, steel

Modeling of Thermomechanical Damages of Steel Ladle Shell during Operations*

Yong M. Lee, Lionel Rebouillat

Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 61 - 68

Keywords: steel ladle, damage, thermomechanical modeling, structural insulation

Morphology Evolution of the Hydration Products of Hydratable Aluminas at 40 °C

Guotian Ye, Guihua Liao, Liugang Chen, Wenjing Gu, Dafei Ding, Xuekun Tian

Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 66 - 70

Keywords: hydratable alumina, freeze vacuum drying

Nanobond – the New Cement Free Castable for Quick Lining and Fast Repairing*

Helge Jansen, Bertram Kesselheim, Uwe Kremer, Thomas Schemmel

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 89 - 92

Keywords: cement free castables, Nanobond

New Additive Package for Microsilica Gel-bonded MgO Castables

Bjørn Myhre, Hong Peng

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 83 - 88

Keywords: MgO castables, additives, self-flowing, microsilica, gel-bond

New Additive Packages for Self-flowing High-alumina and MgO Based Refractory Castables

Bjørn Myhre, Hong Peng

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 99 - 104

Keywords: self-flowing, new dispersants, high-alumina and basic refractory castables, microsilica gel-bonding

New Binder for Refractory Castables

K. Makuch, A. Rapacz-Kmita, L. Mandecka-Kamien

Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 79 - 84

Keywords: binder, calcium bialuminate, synthesis, hydraulic properties , admixtures

New Environmentally Friendly Carbon Bonded

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 6

New Insight on Developing MgO–SiO 2 –H 2 O Gel Bonded MgO Castables

Bjørn Myhre, Hong Peng

Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 83 - 88

Keywords: microsilica gel-bond, MgO hydration, MgO castables, slaking

New Insights into Corrosion Mechanisms of Dense Refractory Castables Containing a Novel Calcium Aluminate Binder

Chris Parr, Jean-Michel Auvray, Adriana Borovsky

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 95 - 98

Keywords: corrosion mechanism, CMA, calcium aluminate, microstructure, refractory castables, alumina-spinel, alumina-magnesia, spinel, CA6

New Perspectives for Investigating the Softening Behaviour of Refractory Products at High Temperature

Christian Dannert, Pascal Pilate, Erwan Brochen

Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 104 - 110

Keywords: high temperature testing, creep, optical dilatometry, SiC castable, AZS

New Sidewall Materials in Aluminum Reduction Cell

Yibiao Xu, Yawei Li

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 101 - 106

Keywords: sidewalls; NiFe2O4; SnO2; composite spinel; electrolyte corrosion resistance, aluminum industry

New Techniques for the Determination of Refractory Material Properties at High Temperatures

Veronika Schmitt, Friedrich Raether, Gerhard Seifert

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 77 - 84

Keywords: refractory service life, refractory corrosion, thermo-optical measuring devices

No-Cement Refractory Shotcrete and Gunning Mixes

Bjørn Myhre, Hong Peng

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 94 - 98

Keywords: shotcreting, dry-gunning

Non-oxidic Binding Systems of Refractory Products for Metal Melts

Jens Sperber, Markus Bay, Werner Schoenwelski

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 73 -76

Keywords: nitride bond, anti-wetting, non-ferrous metals

Novel Engineered Routes for Advanced Al2O3-MgO Refractory Castables

V.C. Pandolfelli, L.R.M. Bittencourt, S.R. van der Laan, M.A.L. Braulio

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 97 - 101

Keywords: spinel, castables, nanoparticles, mineralizers, engineered refractory castables

Novel Engineering Route to Improve the Green Mechanical Properties of Nano-Bonded Refractory Castables

F. Golestani-Fard, V. C. Pandolfelli, H. R. Rezaie, A. P. Luz, M. Nouri-Khezrabad, V. R. Salvini

Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 83 - 87

Keywords: colloidal silica, refractory castables, green strength

Novel Fluxing Agents for Ladle Slags to Improve

Volume 3, Issue 3

Novel Technological Route to Overcome the Challenging Magnesia Hydration of Cement-free Alumina Castables

Mariana A. L. Braulio, Victor C. Pandolfelli, Tiago M. Souza

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 93 - 98

Keywords: refractory castables, magnesia hydration, acetic acid

Novel Zirconate Based Moulds for the Investment Casting of Titanium Alloy Melts

Nicole Lippert, Claudia Legner, Christina Faßauer, Ulrich E. Klotz, Christos G. Aneziris, Lisa Freitag, Stefan Schafföner

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 74 - 79

Keywords: investment casting, silica-free moulds, titanium alloy melts

Optimisation of the Environmental Footprint of Calcium-Aluminate-Cement Containing Castables

M. Szepizdyn, C. Wöhrmeyer, C. Parr, E. Henry-Lanier

Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 81 - 86

Keywords: Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), calcium aluminate cement, carbon footprint, environmental assessment, refractories

Optimization of Operational Practices to Increase the Working Life of Crucibles for Molten Aluminium Transportation

M. A. L. Braulio, J. B. Gallo, A. P. Luz, P. M. Braga, V. C. Pandolfelli

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 105 - 110

Keywords: crucible, refractory maintenance, pre-heating

Perceptions and Characteristics of Fused and Sintered Refractory Aggregates

Andreas Buhr, Dagmar Schmidtmeier, Shanka Chatterjee, Marion Schnabel, Jerry Dutton

Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 75 - 81

Keywords: refractory aggregates, AMC bricks, vibration mixes, high alumina bricks

Physical and FE-Simulation of Thermal Shock Behaviour of Refractory Ceramics

Nikolay Doynov, Ralf Ossenbrink, Vesselin Michailov, Wei Zhang

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 110 - 117

Keywords: physical and FE-simulation, thermal shock behaviour, refractory ceramics

Physical Modeling of Slag Penetration on the Refractories in a Static Magnetic Field

Ao Huang, Huangzhi Gu, Yongshun Zou, Pengfei Lian, Wenxuan Zhang, Yunke Chen

Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 79 - 86

Keywords: static magnetic feld, slag penetration resistance, physical modeling,electromagnetic damping

Physico-chemical Behaviour of Southern Indian Graphite Used for Refractory Manufacture

António Tomás da Fonseca, A. K. Bhattacharya

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 79 - 82

Keywords: graphite, physico-chemical, behaviour, India

Possible Design of Chromeoxide-free Refractory Castables for Use in Slagging Gasifiers

Patrick Gehre

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 99 - 104

Keywords: refractories, corrosion, alumina, gasification

Process and Materials Development for Functionalized Printing in Three Dimensions (FP-3D)

Wolfgang Kollenberg, Dominik Polsakiewicz

Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 151 - 158

Keywords: 3D-printing, alumina, generative manufacturing

Prolonging CSN BF2 Refractory Lining Campaign Through

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 6

Prospects of Developing Self Glazing Al2O3–C Refractories for Monobloc Stopper Applications

Christos G. Aneziris, Vasilios Roungos

Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 94 - 98

Keywords: alumina, graphite, refractories, carbon-bonded, glaze, antioxidants

Raw Material Innovations – a Key Success Factor in a Fast Changing Refractories World

Phil Edwards, Christopher Parr, Christoph Wöhrmeyer

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 89 - 93

Keywords: refractory raw material, refractory binder, calcium aluminates

Re-engineered Calcium Aluminate Cement for Refractory Castables

R. Kaden, G. Walenta, M. Schmid

Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 69 - 76

Keywords: calcium aluminate cement, hibonite formation

Reaction of some Oxide Ceramics with Molten Aluminium

Takayuki Ban, Yutaka Ohya, Yusuke Ishii

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 43 - 47

Keywords: molten aluminium, reduction, MgO, Y2O3 TiO2, Ellingham diagram

Reactive Andalusite: Properties and Application in Refractory Castable

Arnaud Derasse, Michael Weissenbacher, Xiao-Yong Xiong

Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 073 - 078

Keywords: andalusite, reactive material, ceramic bonding, refractory matrix, refractory castable

Recycling Spent Aluminum Oxide

Anne Williams, Don McLeod

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 83 - 84

Refractory Concrete Behaviour for Anchored Systems under Load Induced Thermal Strain

James Millard, Juan Cobos, Greg Palmer

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 48 - 56

Keywords: refractory, anchors, plastic tips, refractory creep, shrinkage, expansion, Picket effect, designrn

Refractory Corrosion in Industrial Waste Incineration Processes

Prof. Dr. Rainer Telle, Dr.-Ing. Thorsten Tonnesen

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 71 - 76

Refractory Demands on Inductive Melting of Cast Iron

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 8

Refractory Linings in Waste-to-energy Plants – New Developments for Improved Oxidation Resistance

R. Weiss, S. A. Koch, F. Rodrigues

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 63 - 68

Refractory Materials and Systems for Incineration Processes

D. A. Jarvis

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 87 - 90

Refractory Materials for Casting Manganese Alloyed

C.G. Aneziris, A. Jahn, M. Weider, W. Schärfl

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 81 - 86

Keywords: austenitic TRIP steel,manganese, SiO2, refractory, corrosion, cast steel, Bridgman process

Refractory Raw Materials from the Steel Industry

Harald Seifert, Frank Richter

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 83 - 86

Keywords: secondary raw materials, steel industry

Regularities in the Temperature Dependence of the Thermal Conductivity of Refractory Products and Two Metallic Alloy Groups

Axel Eschner

Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 67 - 72

Keywords: refractories, alloys, thermal conductivity

Reliable Grade and Purity Control of Geological Materials by EDXRF

Kai Behrens, Frank Portala

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 69 - 72

Keywords: X-ray fluorescence analysis, XRF, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, EDXRF, geological analysis, mining, grade control, purity control, silicon drift detector

Repair Action of Refractory Linings in High Temperature Reactors

Urs-Peter Steiner, Rudolf Krebs, Hartmut Kern

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 101 - 105

Keywords: emergency repairs, muxing, plastic fibermastic, pre-fabricated shapes

Rheological and Dispersion Behaviour of Calcined Aluminas with Deflocculants

C. Ulrich, A. Lafaurie, E. Papin, E. Chabas, D. Dumont

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 13 - 16

Keywords: calcined alumina, rheological properties, flowable high-alumina concretes, deflocculants

Rheology of High Performance Alumina and Spinel Castables

Andreas Buhr, Jerry Dutton, Marion Schnabel

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 95 - 100

Keywords: alumina and spinel castables, workability, rheology

Rotary Drum Furnace to Investigate the Performance of Refractories for Cement Rotary Kilns

C. Dannert, R. Simmat

Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 93 - 98

Keywords: laboratory testing, cement clinker, rotary drum furnace, refractories

Rotary Kilns for Hazardous Waste Incineration: Refractory Wear Mechanism and Lifetime Prolongation

Cyrille Varona, Xavier Chaucherie, Jacques Poirier, Adrian Villalba Weinberg, Dominique Goeuriot

Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 82 - 86

Keywords: failure analysis, structural spalling, mullite-zirconia

Setting Kinetics of High-dispersed Refractory Castables

Daniel Cölle, Holger Schaffhauser, Dana Jahn, Olaf Krause

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 81 - 88

Keywords: refractory castables, polycarboxylateether, calciumaluminatecements

Silica Sol Bonded High Alumina Castable: Effect of Reduced Sol

Arun Kumar, Sarada Prasanna Das, Birendra Prasad, Ritwik Sarkar

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 83 - 87

Keywords: alumina castable, silica sol, water, processing, characterization

Slag Corrosion of Preceramic Paper Derived Multilayer Oxide Refractory

Nahum Travitzky, Peter Greil, Andreas Richter, Björn Gutbrod, Matthias Göbbels

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 103 - 109

Keywords: preceramic paper, multi-layered, refractories, slag corrosion

Slag Foaming: Fundamentals, Experimental Evaluation and Application in the Steelmaking Industry

T. A. Ávila, P. Bonadia, V. C. Pandolfelli, A. P. Luz

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 91 - 98

Slag Formation and Corrosion of SiC-refractories in Biomass Gasification Reactors

J. Poirier, L. Colombel

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 84 - 88

Keywords: SiC refractories, biomass, gasification, miscanthus ash, corrosion

Spinel: In-situ versus Preformed – Clearing the Myth

Andreas Buhr, Reinhard Exenberger, Christian Rampitsch, Marion Schnabel

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 87-93

Keywords: rnspinel, castables, steel ladlernrn

State-of-the-Art Refractory Linings for Float Glass Furnaces

Bernhard Schmalenbach, Rongxing Bei, Amul Gupta, S. Postrach

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 80 - 83

Keywords: refractory lining options, float glass furnaces, energy consumption

Strain Fields’ Measurements: Novel Engineering Approach to Enrich the Characterisation of Refractories with Non-Linear Mechanical Behaviour

M. Huger, P. Doumalin, T. Chotard, J. C. Dupré, O. Pop, Y. Belrhiti, A. Germaneau

Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 74 - 79

Keywords: digital image correlation, mechanical behaviour characterization, fracture mechanisms, flexibility of refractories

Strength Evolution and Corrosion Resistance of a Cement-Free Al2O3-Castable Containing a Novel Hydraulic Binder Based on α-Alumina

Oliver Splittgerber, Albrecht Wolter, Christian Dunzen

Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 55 - 60

Keywords: NABACAST, no-cement castable, slag resistance

Studies on MgO-Doped Reaction-sintered ZrO2-Al2O3-SiO2

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 6

Study of Refractory Bricks with Improved Alkali Resistance for the Cement Industry

IIbrahim Büyükcayir, Volkan Demirsan

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 87 - 92

Keywords: abrasion resistance, alkali resistance, thermal shock resistance

Studying of High-alumina and Al2O3–MgO Crucibles Interaction with Heat-proof Alloys Based on Nickel and Cobalt

Valeriy V. Martynenko, Natalia G. Privalova, Irina G. Shulik, Svetlana V. Chaplianko, Vladimir V. Primachenko, Ludmila V. Grizuk

Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 106 - 110

Keywords: alumina, magnesia, crucible, interaction, heat-proof alloy

Synthesis of Molochite Using Fly Ash from Fused Brown Corundum

Quan Zhu, Shengli Jin, Xujuan Dai, Yawei Li, Yuanbing L, Lei Zhao

Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 77 - 78

Keywords: molochite, fly ash, fused brown corundum

Synthetic Fluorphlogopite – Refractory Material for Electrolysers in Non-ferrous Metallurgy

Mikhail N. Ignatov, Anna M. Ignatova

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 98 - 100

Keywords: non-ferrous metallurgy, basalt casting, synthetic fluorphlogopite

The Accelerated Drying of Refractory Concrete – Part 2 Numerical Modelling

Juan Cobos, James Millard, Tony Howes, Greg Palmer

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 89 - 97

Keywords: drying, spalling, refractory, concrete, numerical modelling

The Accelerated Drying of Refractory Concrete – Part I: A Review of Current Understanding

Juan Cobos, James Millard, Tony Howes, Greg Palmer

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 75 - 83

Keywords: drying, spalling, refractory, Concrete

The Design of Three-Layered Struts to Strengthen SiC Reticulated Porous Ceramics for Porous Media Combustion

Yawei Li, Yawei Li, Xiong Liang

Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 77 - 81

Keywords: SiC reticulated porous ceramics, three-layered strut, mechanical properties, thermal shock resistance

The Development of Improved Lining Material for DRI Shaft Furnaces

J. Sperber

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 64 - 67

Keywords: refractory lining, DRI shaft furnace

The Effect of Curing Medium on the Physico-mechanical Properties of Alkali-activated Slag

H. El-Didamony, S.M. Hafeez, M.M. Elwan

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 71 - 76

Keywords: alcali-activated slag, pig iron

The Effects of Fine and Ultra-fine Particles on the Design of Refractory Ceramics

P. Prigent, M. L. Bouchetou, J. Poirier

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 99 -109

The Enhanced Formation of Magnesium-Silica-Hydrates (M-S-H) Phase in Magnesia Castables

Li Yawei, Sang Shaobai, Xu Yibiao, Zhang Yu

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 89 - 92

Keywords: magnesium-silica-hydrates (M-S-H), magnesia castables, sodium silicate, caustic magnesia

The Formation of Stratlingite in Calcium Aluminate Containing Castable Systems

Makio Ohkawa, Adriana Borovsky, Makoto Iiyama, Toshio Shinmei, Chris Parr

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 89-96

Keywords: calcium aluminate cement, stratlingite, deflocculant, silica fume, sodium tripolyphosphate, hydrates, EPMA, SEM

The Hydration Behaviour of MgO–SiO2–H2O Gel Bonded MgO Castables

Bjørn Myhre, Hong Peng

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 95 - 100

Keywords: MgO castable, brucite formation, crack-free, gel-bonded, microsilica

The Impact of Different Additive Systems upon the Properties of a High Purity Low Cement Castable

Chris Parr, Herve Fryda, Jean-Michel Auvray, Genine Assis

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 58 - 63

Keywords: refractory castables, reactive fillers, calcium aluminate cement, additives, setting characteristics

The Importance of Test Piece Preparation of Unshaped Refractory Products for the Characterisation of Physical Properties According to EN ISO Standards

J. Marjerrison, S. Martin-Calle, V. Halapa

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 73 - 82

Keywords: monolithics, consistency, water content, testing standard, preparation, repeatability, reproducibility

The Influence of Metallic Antioxidants on some Critical Properties of Magnesia-carbon Refractories

S. Jena, J. Ghosh, H. S. Tripathi, S. K. Das, M. K. Haldar, A. K. Rama Rao, A. Ghosh, V. P. Reddy, P. Ray

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 69 - 74

Keywords: antioxidants, corrosion, MgO-C refractories

The Microstructure Design of the Bonding System and Novel Technical Routes for Si3N4-Bonded SiC-Refractories

Nan Li, Yaowu Wei, Bingqiang Han, Junfeng Chen

Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 91 - 100

Keywords: Si3N4-bonded SiC-refractories, microstructure design, heat-treatment atmosphere, microstructure properties

The Optimisation of Magnesia Containing Castables Containing Calcium Magnesium Aluminate Cement

C. Parr, H. Fryda, C. Wöhrmeyer, J.-M. Auvray, S. Li

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 63 - 68

Keywords: castable, calcium aluminate, magnesium aluminate, spinel magnesia

The Role of Granulometry and Additives in Optimising the Alumina Matrix in Low Cement Castables

Elodie Chabas, Carol Ulrich, David Dumont, Jérôme Kiennemann

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 77 - 83

Keywords: low cement castables, bimodal aluminas, flowability

The Thermal Insulation of Aluminium Electrolytic Cells

Jorge B. Gallo, Victor C. Pandolfelli, Paschoal Bonadia

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 132 - 139

Keywords: aluminium, pot lining, refractory, thermal insulation

The Understanding of the Microstructural Changes of Refractory Castables after Thermal Shocks through Damping Measurements

Thorsten Tonnesen, Rainer Telle, Nicolas Traon

Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 119-124

Keywords: thermal shock, impulse excitation technique, partially stabilized zirconia, Young’s modulus, damping

The Understanding of the Microstructural Changes of Refractory Castables after Thermal Shocks through Damping Measurements

Thorsten Tonnesen, Rainer Telle, Nicolas Traon

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 121 - 126

Keywords: thermal shock, impulse, excitation technique, partially stabilized, zirconia, Young’s modulus, damping

The Value of Additives in Refractory Castables Part 1: Castables without Silica Fume

Dagmar Schmidtmeier, Shankha Chatterjee, Zhongkai Tian, Jerry Dutton, Rainer Kockegey-­Lorenz, Andreas Buhr, Dale Zacherl

Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 75 - 82

Keywords: additives, castables, dispersion

The Value of Additives in Refractory Castables – Part 2: Castables with Silica Fume

Andreas Buhr, Jerry Dutton, Zhongkai Tian, Dale Zacherl, Dagmar Schmidtmeier, Sebastian Klaus

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 51 - 60

Keywords: additives, castables, dispersion

Thermal and Thermomechanical Operating Loads on Ceramic Heat Shields in Stationary Gas Turbines and Laboratory Simulation of these Loads

Margarete Neuhaus, Holger Grote

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 125 - 131

Keywords: Ceramic heat shields, gas turbines, load simulation, thermal loads, thermo-mechanical operating loads

Thermal Induced Phase Transformations in Mg-PSZ

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 6

Thermal Management of Heating Processes – Measuring Heat Transfer Properties

Jens Baber, Holger Friedrich, Friedrich Raether

Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 59 - 65

Keywords: heat transfer, thermal management, thermo­optical measuring devices

Thermal Shock Resistant Alumina Based Diesel Soot Particulate Filters (DPF)

Dr.-Ing. W. Schärfl

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 102 - 104

Keywords: Diesel soot particulate filters (DPF), aluminabased substrate, ecological alternative, silicon carbide wall flow filters

Thermomechanical Modelling of a Steel Ladle Using Periodical Homogenisation for the Refractory Masonries

E. Blond, N. Yahmi, L. B. Teixeira, A. Gasser, S. Sinnema

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 76 - 82

Keywords: thermomechanical modelling, refractory masonry, periodic homogenisation, steel ladle

Tin Bath Bottom Blocks – a Comparison of Refractories of the Systems SiO2 – Al2O3 and CaO – Al2O3

F. Gebhardt, M. Schilling, G. Boymanns

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 77 - 80

Turkey`s Magnesite for Production of Fused Magnesia, Properties and Uses in Refractory Applications

Cemalettin Yaman, Nuri Sarioglu, Asim Bilge

Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 72 - 76

Keywords: magnesite, fused magnesia

Unshaped Refractories

Rudolf Krebs

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 93 - 96

Keywords: unshaped refractories,testing, standardization

Update on the Use of Spherical Particles in NCC

Hong Peng, Bjørn Myhre

Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 59 - 66

Keywords: microalumina, spherical alumina

Use of Secondary Alumina-graphite as Raw Material of Alumina-graphite Silicon Carbide Refractories

Jacques Poirier

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 97-100

Keywords: recycling, Al2O3-C secondary raw materials, Al2O3-C-SiC refractories, torpedo ladles

Utilization of Waste Products in Refractory Materials

Karel Lang, Pavel Kovár, Lukáš Tvrdík, Lucie Vodová

Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 59 - 66

Keywords: energy by-products, class F fly ash, class C fly ash, refractory materials

Volatilization of Refractory Silica in Hydrogen Water Vapour Gas Streams

Greg Palmer

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 63 -70

Keywords: refractory, volatilization, silica, reduction

Ways to Reduce the Interaction between Glass Melt and Refractory

H. Hessenkemper, D. Tritschel, R. Weigand

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 69 - 72

Wear of Monolithic Al2O3–SiC–C Refractories in the Slag Runner of a Cupola Furnace

Olaf Krause, Peter Quirmbach, Jörg Zimmermann

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 85 - 90

Keywords: Al2O3–SiC–C, cupola furnace, wear, post-mortem

Why Is MgO – C Refractory Material Applicable in Steel Metallurgy?

Jürgen Pötschke

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 80 - 94

Keywords: MgO – C refractory, steel metallurgy, slag, oxidation, applicability

Worn Refractory Bricks – Alko: Resource of Corundum and Mullite Clinkers

Pavol Vadász, Eva Dedinská, Ján Derdak, Beatrice Plešingerová, Daša Chudíková

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 84 - 88

Keywords: recovery, post-morten refractory material, alumina silicate