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A Comprehensive Study of Modern Gasification Slags and Refractories Used in Gasifiers to Guide the Development of Novel/Improved Lining Materials

Jinichiro Nakano

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 107 - 112

Keywords: gasification, refractory, slag, IGCC, V2O3, mullite

A Critical Analysis of Anchor Spacing in Refractory Lining Design

M. A. L. Braulio, B. H. Teider, C. A. Goulart, V. C. Pandolfelli

Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 92 - 102

Keywords: refractory lining, design, anchoring system

A Low Cost, Sustainable Source of Alumina for Thermal Insulation

Howard Epstein

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 69 - 74

Keywords: alumina, recycling, sustainable development, insulating firebricks, secondary materials

A New Device for Measuring Hot Thermal Shock, Thermal Cycling and Other High Temperature Properties of Refractories

Jens Baber, Gerhard Seifert, Friedrich Raether

Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 77 - 80

Keywords: thermal shock tests, refractory service life, thermo-optical measuring devices

A Novel Model for Drying Refractory Castables

Jürgen Pötschke

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 99-106

Keywords: drying, spalling, refractory castables, heating rate, temperature conductivity, calculation of drying parametersrnrn

A Novel Processing Route for Alumina/Mullite-Based Refractory Materials

M. Scheffler, U. Betke, U. Betke, V. Reschke

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 81 - 85

Keywords: mullite/alumina composite, alumina precipitation

A Review of Bond Systems for Monolithic Castable Refractories

Magali Szepizdyn, Christoph Wöhrmeyer, Chris Parr, Carl Zetterstrom, Jean-Michel Auvray

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 63 - 72

Keywords: monolithic castable refractories, bond systems

A View in the Future of the Melting Technology and Refractory Materials for the Glass Industry

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 69-74

Keywords: Submerge combustion melter, rnsegmented thin film melter, glass melt, corrosion of refractories, infiltrating and refining of rnrefractoriesrnrn

Abrasion Resistance of Shotcreted Low Cement Castable at Elevated Temperatures

Z. Aslanoglu

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 89 - 92

Keywords: shotcrete, dry gunning, blast abrasion, low cement castable

Abrasion Wear Properties of Low Cement Castable with Boron Addition

Ziya Aslanoglu

Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 89 - 92

Actual Trends for the Tundish Refractory Lining

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 6

Additives for High Purity Reduced Cement Castables

H. Fryda, S. Li, C. Parr, G. Assis

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 87 - 92

Keywords: alumina, low cement castables, placing properties, additives, water demand, flow properties, hardening properties

Advanced Anorthite Lightweight Castables for Carbon-Containing Atmosphere Application

Natalya M. Kaznacheeva, Inna U. Kostyrko, Valeriy V. Martynenko, Vladimir V. Primachenko

Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 77 - 83

Keywords: heat insulating castables, anorthite, microporous aggregate, carbon­containing atmosphere

Advanced Ceramic Filtering Materials: a Contribution to Clean Steel Technologies

Steffen Dudczig, Jana Hubalkova, Enrico Storti, Christos G. Aneziris, Anne Schmidt

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 117 - 120

Keywords: ceramic filters, clean steel technology

Advanced Creep Testing of Refractories Providing New Insight into Material Behaviour

Dietmar Gruber, Stefan Schachner, Shengli Jin, Pierre Meunier, Harald Harmuth, Romain Techer

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 63 - 67

Keywords: creep behaviour, monolithic refractories

Advantages of Liquid Phosphate Bonded Refractories

J. Decker

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 89 - 92

Aggregate Effects on the Thermal Shock Resistance of Spinel-Forming Refractory Castables

V.C. Pandofelli, Y.W. Li, M.A.L. Braulio, G.B. Cintra

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 102 - 106

Keywords: thermal shock resistance, calcium hexaluminate (CA6), spinel-forming castables

Aggregates for Non-ferrous Applications

H. Fryda, E. Frier, C. Wöhrmeyer, C. Parr

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 73 - 78

Al2O3–SiO2 Nano-Bonded Castables Containing a Boron-Based Sintering Additive

V. C. Pandolfelli, C. Pagliosa, E. Prestes, M. A. M. Brito, A. P. Luz

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 107 - 115

Keywords: castable, boron, alumina, silica

Alkali Corrosion-Resistant Heat Insulation Materials

Nora Brachhold, Christos G. Aneziris

Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 69 - 73

Keywords: alkali corrosion, alkali aluminosilicates, heat insulation material, cement industry

Alumina-Carbon Refractory Castables Containing Calcium-Aluminate Coatings on Graphite

H. Acharjee, A. Chakraborty, R. Halder, S. Mukhopadhyay, S. Moitra

Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 79 - 84

Keywords: graphite, calcium aluminate, refractory castable

Alumosilicate “Made in Germany”: High-temperature Raw Material with Excellent Innovation Potential

Daniel Cölle

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 81-88

Keywords: luting sand, natural alumosilicate, innovation made in Germany

Andalusite : An Attractive Raw Material for its Excellent Thermal Shock Resistance

L. Colombel, P. Hubert, J. Poirier, M.L. Bouchetou

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 93 - 102

Andalusite Matrix for Light Castables

Xiao-Yong Xiong, Ningshen Zhou

Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 94 - 98

Anode Baking Furnaces – Wear of Applied Refractories

Thorsten Tonnesen, Rainer Telle

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 84 - 89

Keywords: anode baking process, top ring pit furnace, wear, refractories

Application of Electric Voltages for Improved Protection of MgO Refractory Materials

R.K. Sauerbrey, G. Mori

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 105 - 110

Keywords: ceramic electrodes, polarization, cathodic corrosion protection

Aspects of Elastification Reactions in Basic Cement Kiln Bricks

Hans-Jürgen Klischat, Johannes Södje, Stefan Uhlendorf

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 53 - 62

Keywords: chromite-free brick, magnesia, spinel mineral, cement rotary kiln

ATEX – Explosion Protection at any Price? Maximum Protection with Minimum Additional Investments

A. Riley, X. Knöpfle, B. Bass

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 79 - 82

Behaviour of Olivine Refractories at High Temperature: Agglomeration in a Fluidized Bed Reactor

Patrick Simon, Emmanuel de Bilbao, Rudy Michel, Jacques Poirier, Mohamed Ramzi Ammar

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 95 - 98

Keywords: olivine refractory, fluidized bed, Raman spectrometry, in situ XRD

Better Designing and Evaluation of Insulating Foamed Ceramics

Victor C. Pandolfelli

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 90 - 94

Keywords: foamed ceramics, environmental friendly processing, thermal insulating ceramics, mechanical properties

Bonded Refractories for Extreme Conditions in the Top of Regenerators

Christian Majcenovic, Rongxing Bei, Klaus Santowski

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 53-58

Keywords: regenerator top, bonded refractories

Bridging the Gap between Refractory Supplier and the Refractory User in the Steel Plant → Real Value-in-Use

W. Tesselaar, R. Siebring, S. Sinnema

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 71 - 75

Keywords: refractory costs, recycling, Value-in-Use model

Bubbles as Criteria for Refractory Corrosion by Glass

Anne-Katrin Rössel, David Tritschel, Rolf Weigand, Heiko Hessenkemper

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 77-80

Keywords: blistering, refractory corrosion, glass melt, oxygen depression

Carbon Nanotubes: Application in Carbon Containing Refractories

Yawei Li, Ming Luo

Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 117 - 125

Keywords: CNTs, microstructural evolution, coating, in situ, carbon containing refractories

Carbstone: Sustainable Valorisation Technology for Fine Grained Steel Slags and CO2*

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 75-79

Keywords: Carbonation, steel slag, CO2, recycling

Castables with Improved Corrosion Resistance Based upon a Novel Calcium Aluminate Cement

H. Fryda, J. M. Auvray, C.Wöhrmeyer, S. Li, C. Parr

Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 99 - 105

Keywords: calcium magnesium aluminate cement formulations, steel-making refractories

Cellular Magnesia/Carbon Refractories: Processing, (Thermo-)Mechanical Characterization and Finite Element Modeling

G. Falk, A. Jung, D. Foetz, T. Bleistein, D. Quinten, S. Diebels

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 102 - 109

Keywords: reticulated vitreous carbon, thermal shock, FEM modeling

Cement-Free Refractory Concretes for Stress-Reduced Structures

Bertram Kesselheim, Thomas Schemmel, Kai Beimdiek, Hans-Jürgen Klischat

Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 43 - 50

Keywords: no-cement concretes, sol-gel bonding, geopolymer bonding, stress-reducing monolithic linings

Ceramic Heat Pipes for High Temperature Application

Michael Beckmann, Nina Hack, Simon Unz

Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 72 - 78

Keywords: ceramic heat pipes, high temperature, thermosiphon, zinc, heat pipe heat exchanger

Characterization of a New Sintered Calcium Aluminate Cement

L. L. H. C.Ferreira, M. M. M. Novo, P. M. Nakachima, A. L. Pereira, E. R. Passos, M. A. Reis, L. C. Ribeiro

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 67 - 70

Keywords: calcium aluminate cement, sintering, bauxite, lime

Clay-rich Rocks and Mining Wastes for the Production of Lightweight Aggregates with Thermal Insulation Properties

E. Tziritis, H. Bedelean, M.G. Stamatakis, M. Gorea, S. Kavouri, D. Alfieris

Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 85 - 93

Keywords: raw material, clayey diatomite, absorption, lightweight, aggregates, insulation

Clayey Diatomite from a Deposit in Central Greece – A Multifunctional Raw Material for Absorption and Insulation

Dr G.N. Georgiades, Professor M.G. Stamatakis

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 82 - 88

Keywords: raw material, clayey diatomite, absorption, lightweight, aggregates, insulation

Coarse-Grained Ceramic Heat Shields Made by Pressure Slip Casting

Friederike Lange, Holger Grote, Nora Gerlach, Christos G. Aneziris

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 101 - 104

Keywords: pressure slip casting, heat shield, coarse-grained ceramics

Colloidal Alumina as a Novel Castable Bonding System

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 7

Comparison of Cement- and Hydratable Alumina-Bonded Alumina-Spinel Materials for Steel Ladle Purging Plugs

In-Ho Jung, Shengli Jin, Andreas Buhr, Harald Harmuth, Bin Long, Jerry Dutton

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 93 - 106

Keywords: Al2O3–MgO–CaO, FactSage analysis, cement bonded castable, no-cement castable, hydratable alumina, fracture behaviour, spalling, microstructure, steel ladle purging plug

Computer Based Materials Selection for Furnace Walls

Hartmut Kern, Gerd Walter, Hartmut Krause

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 74 - 79

Keywords: Industrial furnaces, kilns, walls, material selection, optimisation, minimum overall costs, computer programme, practical application

Concept and Practice of High Performance Lightweight Castables

Li Jiwei, Shi Kai, Zhou Ningsheng, Bi Yubao

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 63 - 74

Keywords: lightweight aggregate, lightweight castable, monolithic refractories

Concerted Effort in the European Refractory Sector to Consolidate and Make EN Testing Standards Future-Proof

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 85 - 86

Keywords: EN testing standards for refractories

Consequences of Humid Refractory in Vacuum Metallurgy

Jürgen Pötschke

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 93 - 104

Keywords: steam explosion, metal infiltration and cleanliness, hydrogen formation, blowholes, brucite, graphite, ice, castables drying

Contribution to Melt Refinement of Special Steels with Calcium Aluminate in Open Induction Furnaces

Dipl.-Ing. Johannes Schadock, Dr.rer.nat. Johannes Södje, Dr.-Ing. Peter Bartha, Horst Diesing, Dr.-Ing. Manfred Markworth

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 72 - 81

Keywords: melt refinement, special steels, calcium aluminate, open induction furnaces, minimizing non-metallic inclusions in high-alloy steel castings, corundum-spinel furnace linings, use of scrap metal

Contribution to the Characteristic Improvement of Carbon Bonded Doloma Refractories by Addition of TiO2

Erwan Guéguen, Keith Hill, Volker Stein, Christos G. Aneziris

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 113 - 116

Keywords: Doloma carbon refractories, carbon content, TiO2

Contribution to the Slagging of MgO in Secondary Metallurgical Slags

C. Brüggmann

Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 105 - 109

Keywords: ladle slag, MgO saturation, wear and corrosion of MgO refractories

Corrosion Behaviour of Refractory Materials in the Systems Cr2O3
and Cr2O3 – Al2O3 against Glass Melts in Subject to their Composition and the Thermal Conditions

M. Freund

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 93 - 96

Keywords: corrosion, Cr2O3 refractories, Cr3O3-Al2O3 refractories

Corrosion Mechanisms of Refractory Materials Used in Secondary Metallurgy

Harald Harmuth, Franz Melcher

Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 99 - 104

Keywords: magnesia chromite bricks, alumina spinel castable, corrosion, ladle slag, RH degasser, ladle, thermochemical calculations, FactSage

Corrosion of Al2SiO5–SiC and Al2SiO5–ZrSiO4 Refractories in the Corroding Medium of the External Heat Exchanger of Cement Kiln

Dominika Madej, Jacek Szczerba

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 91 - 94

Keywords: corrosion, external heat exchanger of cement kiln, andalusite refractories, SiC, ZrSiO4

Corrosion of High Alumina Castables by Liquid Ashes during the Gasification of Sewage Sludge

J. Poirier, R. Boigelot, C. Bourgel

Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 69 - 72

Keywords: gasification, sewage sludge, inorganics, refractories

Corundum and Bauxite-based Concretes – Non-destructive Testing of Mechanical Properties and its Correlation with the Sintering Process

A. Terzic´, Ljubica Pavlovic´

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 80-85

Keywords: ultrasonic pulse velocity, sintering, porosity, refractory concrete, image analysis, creeprn

Cost Effective Process and Quality Control by XRF for better Lifetime of Ceramic and Refractory Products

Kai Behrens, Karl-Eugen Mauser

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 96 - 98

Keywords: X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, analytical quality control, process control, centralized calibration

Dense Silica – Properties, Production and Perspectives

Karel Lang, Leopold Vašica, Miroslav Kotouček, Lenka Nevrivová, Pavel Kovár

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 65 - 68

Keywords: silica bricks, thermal properties, thermal conductivity, abrasion resistance, glass furnace, coke ovens

Design of Self-Flow Chemically-Bonded Castables*

Victor C. Pandolfelli, Daniel T. Gomes, Simone J. S. Lopes, Ana P. Luz

Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 79 - 84

Keywords: petrochemical industry, aluminium industry, castable, flowability

Designing Insulating Ceramic Foams for High-Temperature Furnace Lining*

Victor C. Pandolfelli, Waldemar T. Neto, Vania R. Salvini, Jose A. Rodrigues

Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 74 - 78

Keywords: furnace lining, porous ceramics, foams

Designing Stronger and Tougher MgO–C Bricks for Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF)

A. P. Luz, V. C. Pandolfelli, C. Pagliosa, C. Resende

Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 89 - 93

Keywords: V. C. Pandolfelli, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Determination of Permeability for Refractories: From Standard Test Methods to Improved Interpretation Technique of the Experimental Data

R. Telle, E. de Bilbao, L. Loison, J. Poirier, T. Tonnesen

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 113 - 116

Keywords: permeability, refractories, Darcy flow regime, Klinkenberg plot

Determination of Resistance to Abrasion at Ambient Temperature – in Order to Establish Better Comparability Between Laboratories, Existing Standards Have to Be Revised

Hartmut Körber, Olaf Krause, Gerhard Urbanek

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 59 - 64

Keywords: blast abrasion, refractory wear, interlaboratory comparison, round robin test results

Development and Application of Andalusite-Based Bricks for the Rotary Hearth Furnace of a Wheel and Axle Plant

R. K. Pradhan, D. Mustafi, D. Halder, I. Roy

Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 87 - 91

Keywords: mullite, rotary hearth roof, high thermal shock resistant, high alumina refractory

Development and Deployment of Shotcrete Refractories for Aluminium Rotary Furnace Application

Dominick Colavito, Jeffrey D. Smith, James G. Hemrick, Kelley O’Hara, Angela Rodrigues-Schroer

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 73 - 78

Keywords: shotcrete, aluminum, rotary, furnace

Development of Nitride-Bonded SiC Refractories by MgO and Nanocomposite (MgO/SiC) Additives

P. Asgarian, A. A. Nourbakhsh, N. lotfian

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 106 - 112

Keywords: N–SiC, nanocomposite, refractory

Development of Novel Carbon Sources to Strengthen and Toughen Carbon-Containing Refractories

Qinghu Wang, Yawei Li

Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 80 - 88

Keywords: expanded graphite, β-SiC whiskers, SiOx spheres, Al2O3–C refractories

Development of Soderberg Carbon Electrodes Bonded with a Carbon Nanofbre Reinforced Coal-Tar Pitch

M. Miranda-Martínez, J. R. Campello-García, D. Castaño-Laviana

Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 63 - 67

Keywords: Soderberg electrodes, coal-tar pitch, carbon nanofbres

Dispersants and their Effects on Hydratable Alumina Containing Castables

I.R. Oliveira, V.C. Pandolfelli, xxx, I.R. Oliveira, aaaaa

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 103 - 109

Dispersing Technology and the Impact from Inherent Formulation Variations

E. Frier, C. Wöhrmeyer, C. Zetterström, Ch. Parr, J. Pommay

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 59 - 68

Keywords: deflocculation mechanism, LCC castables

Dispersion Properties of Colloidal Graphite

G. Schmidt, H. Majidian, E. Salahi

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 88-92

Effect of Additives and Installation Temperatures on Setting Behaviour and Mechanical Properties of Self-flowing Silica Bonded No-cement Castables

Hong Peng, Bjørn Myhre

Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 75 - 80

Keywords: dispersants, curing temperature, temperature dependence, no-cement castable (NCCs), microsilica-gel bond

Effect of Alumina Fines on High Alumina Self-flow Low Cement Castables

Ritwik Sarkar, Anwesha Parija

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 73 - 78

Keywords: castable, distribution coefficient, self-flow, alumina fines

Effect of Boehmite Addition on Sintering Behaviour of Mullite Precursor Synthesized from Bauxite, Fly Ash and Precipitated Silica

Arabinda Mondal, Souvik Dey, Tapan Kumar Parya

Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 85 - 92

Keywords: bauxite, fly ash, mullite, boehmite, reaction sintering

Effect of Cement and Sol Combined Binders on High-Alumina Refractory Castables

Arabinda Mondal, Ritwik Sarkar, Jatothu Srinivas

Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 73 - 78

Keywords: cement, sol, combined binder, alumina castable, properties

Effect of Flake Graphite Size on the Thermal Conductivity of Blast Furnace Carbon Refractories

S. Ge, B. Qiang, Y.W. Li, W. Zhang, X. Chen

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 107 - 110

Keywords: carbon refractories, flake graphite size, thermal conductivity, anisotropy

Effect of Increase in Basicity of Slag on the Corrosion of Tundish DVM

Atanu R. Pal, Mousom Bag, Ritwik Sarkar

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 45 - 48

Keywords: tundish slag, basicity, DVM, corrosion

Effect of Particle Size Change on the Hydration Behaviour of Calcium Aluminate Cements

Bin Guo, Xuejun Shang, Chuanyin Zhang, Guotian Ye, Yajuan Wang, Qingfeng Wang

Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 75 - 78

Keywords: calcium aluminate cement, hydration, particle size

Effect of Pyrolusite on the Densification Behaviour of Alumina-kaolin System: Towards Sintered High Alumina Refractory Aggregate

Surajit Gupta, Swapan Kumar Das, Manidip Jana, Debasis Bhattacharya

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 61 - 68

Keywords: high alumina, pyrolusite, densification, refractory aggregate

Effects of Metallic Additions on Fired Ceramic Materials

Jens Sperber, Stephan Becker, Werner Schoenwelski

Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 67 - 71

Keywords: fred ceramics, metal addition

Effects of Microsilica Powder on Microstructure

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 6

Effects of Temperature on the Synthesis of SiAlON and SiAlON Composite Material from Aluminium Dross

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 76 - 80

Keywords: SiAlON synthesis, aluminium dross, secundary raw materials

Engineering the Microstructural Parameters of Erosion Resistant High Alumina Castables

V. C. Pandolfelli, D. T. Gomes, V. A. A. Santos, A. P. Luz

Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 84 - 92

Keywords: erosion, particle size distribution, calcium aluminate cement, refractory castables

Equilibrium Phase Relations in the Al2O3–CaO–Cr2O3 System in Air

Shengqiang Song, Andrie M. Garbers-Craig

Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 70 - 74

Keywords: Al2O3–CaO–Cr2O3, phase relations, calcium alumina cement, Cr(VI), Ca4Al6CrO16

ER 2001 SLX – Very Low Exudation AZS Product for Glass Furnace Superstructures

C. Morand, I. Cabodi, M. Gaubil

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 83 - 86

Evaluation of Phase Diagrams with Regard to Alkali Resistance of Calcium Aluminates at High Temperatures

Tobias Hölscher, Ernst Schlegel, Christos G. Aneziris

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 113 - 117

Keywords: calcium aluminates, alkali, corrosion,calculation of volume changes, high temperature thermal insulation

Fiber-Free Ceramic Insulation Foam for Highest Temperatures – a New Generation of HSE-Friendly Refractory Products with Multiple Application Possibilities

Matthias Schumann, Laurie San-Miguel

Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 50 - 58

Keywords: ceramic foam, insulating ceramic foam, high-purity ceramic foam, energy saving ceramic, fiber-free insulation ceramic

Five Years after Market Launch – Experiences with BSA 96

Andreas Buhr, Dagmar Schmidtmeier, Marion Schnabel, Jerry Dutton, Sebastian Klaus

Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 87 - 92

Keywords: alumina sintered aggregates, high alumina bricks, alumina magnesia carbon bricks, monolithics

Foam Sprayed Porous Insulating Refractories

V.C. Pandolfelli, V.R. Salvini, A.P. Luz

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 93 - 97

Keywords: foamed ceramics, porous, ceramics, insulating refractory materials

Fracture Process Zone in Refractory Castables after High-Temperature Thermal Shock

S. Etzold, A. Malmgren, E. Nylund, T. Tonnesen, J. Schnieder, R. Telle, N. Traon, A. Tengstrand

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 74 - 80

Keywords: Refractories, high temperature thermal shock, eutectic aggregates, liquid phase bridging

Functional Spinel-Binder Based Additives for Improved MgO–C Performance in Ladle Applications

Christoph Wohrmeyer, Christopher Parr, Patrick Gehre, Christos G. Aneziris

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 83 - 88

Keywords: refractories, MgO–C, spinel, ladle

Functionalized Systems for Monolithics and Prefabs

Nora Gerlach, Christos G. Aneziris

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 49 - 58

Keywords: monolithics, prefabs, functionalizing of refractories

Functionally Graded Materials Made by Water-Based Multilayer Technology

Tim Slawik, Hans-Jurgen Richter, Uwe Scheithauer, Tassilo Moritz, Eric Schwarzer, Alexander Michaelis

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 95 - 101

Keywords: functionally graded material, graded microstructure, multilayer, tape casting

Fused Cast AZS Refractory Materials — Structure and Structural Changes during Application

Dipl.-Ing. Bernhard Fleischmann

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 63-68

Keywords: alumina-zirconia-silica (AZS) refractories, microstructure, soda-lime-silica glass, glass melting, glass furnaces

Future Research in Refractories: A Roadmap Approach

K. Lenk, Chr. G. Aneziris, Anja Geigenmüller, H. Spindler

Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 68 - 74

Keywords: roadmap, strategic planning,refractories, materials synthesis, preparation, processing, testing, modeling

Green Refractories – Concepts, Approaches and Practices

Zhou Ningsheng, Liu Jiehua

Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 99 - 110

Keywords: green refractory, monolithic refractories, resource conservation, energy saving, environment- and eco-friendly development trend

Heat Transfer Design Considerations for Refractory Linings with Steel Anchors, Part 2

Greg Palmer, Tony Howes

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 97 - 101

Keywords: Heat transfer analysis, refractory linings, steel anchors, 2D and 3D thermal analysis

Heat Transfer Design Considerations for Refractory Linings, Part 1

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 94-98

Keywords: Heat transfer, refractory linings, design considerationsrn

Heat-resistant Silicon Carbide Refractories for Gasification Reactors

Steffen Kunze, Gert Himpel, Heike Heymer, Gisela Standke, Jörg Adler, Mathias Herrmann, Sören Höhn

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 75 - 82

Keywords: recrystallized silicon carbide, RSiC, corrosion, gasification reactors

Heating Glass during Vacuum Moulding with Porous Burners

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 68 - 70

Heating Industrial Furnaces Clean and Efficient

J. G. Wünning

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 59 -62

High Alumina Self-flow Castables with Different Binders

Ritwik Sarkar, Akash Satpathy

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 98 - 102

Keywords: self-flow castable, silica sol, high alumina cement

High Emissivity Coatings – Do they Really Work?

Jim W. Stendera, Sam Bonsall

Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 067 - 072

Keywords: thermal efficiency, industrial furnaces, emissivity

High Temperature Behaviour of Hercynite

Ilona Jastrzebska, Jacek Szczerba

Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 68 - 76

Keywords: hercynite, FeAl2O4, spinel, structure

High Temperature Corrosion of Anchor Systems for Refractory

Wolfgang Bleck, Gangolf Stegh

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 68 - 73

Keywords: High temperature corrosion, reducing, nitriding, carborizing, sulfidizing, chlorinating, high-alloy steel, nickel-based alloy

High Temperature Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Refractory Castables: Impact of Eutectic Aggregates and Testing Methods

T. Tonnesen, Y. Belrhiti, A. Villalba Weinberg, R. Telle, A. Villalba Weinberg, N. Traon, M. Huger, J. Schnieder, T. Chotard

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 116 - 126

Keywords: functional aggregates, thermal shock resistance, wake region, toughening mechanism

High-Alumina Chemically Bonded Refractory Castables Containing Liquid or Powdered Binders

V. C. Pandolfelli, D. T. Gomes, A. P. Luz, S. J. S. Lopes

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 68 - 73

Keywords: alumina, phosphate, refractory castable, magnesia

High-performance Nano-bonded Castables for Petrochemical Applications

D.T. Gomes, J. Medeiros, E. Prestes, J.L.B.C. Veiga Petrobras, V.C. Pandolfelli

Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 111 - 116

Keywords: nano-bonded castables, colloidal silica, sintering additives

High-performance Nano-bonded Refractories for a Wide Temperature Range

Jorivaldo Medeiros, Jorge B. Gallo, Mariana A. L. Braulio, Victor C. Pandolfelli

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 75 - 79

Keywords: colloidal binders, densification, erosion and thermal shock resistances

High-Temperature Mechanical Characterisation of In-Situ Forming Spinel-Alumina Castables Using Magnesia or Magnesite as Raw Material

V. Lardot, F. Holleyn, O. Krause, F. Cambier, P. Pilate, E. Brochen, N. Preux, C. Dannert

Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 82 - 87

Keywords: temperature, strength, castable, spinel, alumina

High-temperature Oxidation Behaviour of MAX Phase Ceramics

Bai Cui, William Edward Lee

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 105 - 112

Keywords: MAX phase, ceramics, oxidation, microstructure

Hot Corrosion Resistance of Aluminosilicate Refractories – Comparative Tests in the Secondary Combustion Chamber of a Hazardous Waste Incinerator

Xavier Chaucherie, Jacques Poirier, Adrian Villalba Weinberg, Dominique Goeuriot, Cyrille Varona

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 57 - 62

Keywords: alkali attack, sulphur, mullite, hazardous waste incinerator

Hot Modulus of Rupture Model of Refractory Materials

Jan Urbánek, Jan Macháček, Jiří Hamáček

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 83 - 88

Keywords: hot modulus of rupture, refractory castables, model

Identifcation of Organic Admixtures in Cement Dry Mix Systems Using MDRS

A. Sax, C. Parr, J.M. Faure, D. Hahn, K. Benyahia, P. Quirmbach, C. Wöhrmeyer

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 38 - 42

Keywords: cement, Raman analysis, organic admixtures

Impact of Magnesia Grain Size on the In Situ Spinel Formation in Al2O3–MgO–C Refractories

Mehdi Naeemi, Ali Baghaei, Homeyra Heydari Boroujeni

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 80 - 85

Keywords: alumina-magnesia-carbon, spinel, grain size, carbon containing refractories

Implementation of Novel Carbon Bonded Filter Materials for Steel Melt Filtration – an Overview

M. Emmel, Chr. G. Aneziris

Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 73 - 82

Keywords: ceramic foam filter, steel melt filtration, carbon bonded oxides

Improved Corrosion Resistance of Alumina-Spinel Castable by Colloidal Alumina Addition

V.C. Pandolfelli, E. Zinngrebe, M.A.L. Braulio, S. van der Laan, E.Y. Sako

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 117 - 120

Keywords: colloidal alumina, aluminaspinel, castables, corrosion resistance

Improved Thermal Shock Resistance of Magnesium Aluminate Spinel Ceramics by Aluminium Titanate Additions

Kirsten Moritz, Christos G. Aneziris

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 67 - 73

Keywords: magnesium aluminate spinel, aluminum titanate, thermal shock resistance, dynamic Young’s modulus

Improvement in Dispersion Properties of Graphite Powder by Al(OH)3 Coating through Turbidimetry Measurements

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 107-109

Keywords: rngraphite powders, Al(OH)3 coating, mechanical milling, turbidimetryrn

Improvement of Gaseous Corrosion Resistance of Refractories by Pore Structure Design According to the Seepage Flow Model

Xu Yibiao, Li Yawei, Sang Shaobai, Ren Bo

Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 111 - 117

Keywords: gaseous corrosion, pore structure, seepage flow model

Improvement of Methods of Fused Periclase Crystal Size Determination

A. A. Platonov, D. R. Melnikova, L. M. Akselrod, I. G. Maryasev

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 66 - 72

Keywords: periclase, microscopy

Improvement of Refractory Castables with an Innovative Calcium Aluminate Binder System

Doug Ostrander, Robert Stacy, Nikolaus Kreuels, Holger Schaffhauser

Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 88 - 94

Keywords: castables, Ca-aluminate binder system, calcium aluminate cements

Improvements in Drying Behaviour and Explosion Resistance of Microsilica-Gel Bonded No-Cement Castables

Hong Peng, Bjørn Myhre

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 61 - 66

Keywords: drying behaviour, fast heat-up, no-cement castable (NCCs), microsilica-gel bond

Improving Corrosion Behaviour of Magnesia-chrome Refractories by Addition of Nanoparticles

Farhad Golestani Fard, Ali Talimian

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 93 - 98

Keywords: magnesia chromite, corrosion, nanoparticles, vacuum impregnation

Improving Deskulling Properties of Tundish Linings by some Sulphate Binders

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 85 - 87

Industrial Experience with Spinel-bonded Magnesia Checker Bricks in the Regenerator Condensation Zone

Gerald Gelbmann, Christian Majcenovic, Rongxing Bei, Bernhard Schmalenbach

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 91 - 93

Keywords: magnesia-spinel, checker bricks, glass industry, Na2SO4 and SO3 resistance

Influence of Different Matrix Components on the Rheological and Mechanical Properties of High-Alumina LC Castables

Mario Bernard, Maria Webb-Janich, Udo Martin

Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 79 - 84

Keywords: deflocculants, high-alumina LC castables

Influence of Different Testing Methods on the Thermal Shock Resistance of Alumina Castable Samples

Christos G. Aneziris, Yaowu Wei, Nan Li

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 107-112

Keywords: thermal shock resistance, testing methods, alumina castables

Innovative Lining Concepts for Hazardous Waste Incineration

Franz-Josef Duennes, Jens Sperber, Ralf Burgard

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 85 - 89

Keywords: lining, waste incineration, mixed waste technology, post-combustion, chamber, rotary kilns, incinerators

Insights on in situ MgAl2O4 Formation Mechanism and its Correlation with the Corrosion Resistance of Spinel-containing Refractory Castables

Victor C. Pandolfelli, Eric Y. Sako, Eric Y. Sako, Mariana A.L. Braulio

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 79 - 83

Keywords: spinel castables, in situ formation, corrosion resistance

Insulating Refractory Bricks for Glass Industry, Possibilities of Production and Testing of Their Properties

Lukáš Tvrdík, Tomáš Strouhal, Pavel Kovár, Lenka Nevrivová, Karel Lang

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 77 - 80

Keywords: insulating refractory bricks, glass, furnace, silica bricks, insulating bottom, blocks

Interactions between Molten Aluminum and Various Refractory Materials

Jens Sperber, Markus Bay, Viktor Schönhof, Werner Schoenwelski

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 76 - 82

Keywords: aluminium, refractories, nitride bond

Interface Reactions in Fine-Grained Al2O3-Ceramics with TiO2- and ZrO2-Additions for Refractory Applications as Investigated by XCT and EBSD

Dániel Veres, Harry Berek, Christos G. Aneziris

Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 85 - 90

Keywords: Al2O3, ZrO2, TiO2, thermal shock, EBSD, XCT, microstructure

Investigation of Corrosion Mechanisms between Copper and Lead Melts with Various Refractory Materials

Jens Sperber, Viktor Schönhof, Werner Schoenwelski

Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 68 - 74

Keywords: microscopic investigation, crucible tests, corrosion mechanisms

Investigation of Silica Gels as Adsorbents in SO2 Enriched Gases

Stefan Thiel, Steffen Krzack, Friederike Klenert, Christos G. Aneziris

Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 85 - 93

Keywords: adsorption of SO2, desorption of SO2, regeneration of adsorbents, flue gas treatment, silica gel

Investigation of Testing Parameters Influencing the Permanent Linear Change Testing Results of Dense Refractory Bricks

M. Miranda-Martínez, J. R. Campello-García, D. Castaño-Laviana

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 113 - 118

Keywords: permanent linear change, testing standard, interlaboratory tests

Investigation of the Elastic Properties of Dense Ceramics of the Binary System Al2O3-ZrO2 after Thermal Shocks

Rainer Telle, Gabriela Diniz Franca, Nicolas Traon, Pierluigi Piccolo, Thorsten Tonnesen

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 119 - 126

Keywords: thermal shock, impulse excitation technique, partially stabilised zirconia, Young’s modulus, damping, non-linearity

Investigation of the Factors Influencing the Bulk Density and Open Porosity Testing Results for Refractory Materials

C. Dannert, E. Dahlem, S. Clasen

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 95 - 104

Keywords: bulk density, open porosity, testing standard, interlaboratory tests

Investigation of the Main Factors Susceptible to Influence the Modulus of Rupture Testing Results of Refractory Materials

Veronique Lardot, Francis Cambier, Jean-Pierre Erauw, Isabella Mastroianni

Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 95 - 103

Keywords: modulus of rupture, testing standard, design of experiments, interlaboratory tests

Investigation of the Parameters Influencing the Refractoriness under Load (RuL) Testing Results for Refractory Materials

A. Stuppfler, E. Dahlem

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 87 - 94

Keywords: refractoriness under load, testing standard, interlaboratory tests

Investigation of the Testing Parameters Influencing the Cold Crushing Strength Testing Results of Refractory Materials

J. Podworny, J. Czechowski, A. Gerle

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 105 - 112

Keywords: cold crushing strength, testing standard, interlaboratory tests

Investigations of Porous Mullitic Materials Based on Greek Raw Materials for High Temperature Applications

Chr. G. Aneziris, S. Thomaidis, G. Kostakis

Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 80 - 86

Keywords: open porous mullitic material, bauxite, kaolin, fly ash

Investigations on Al2O3-C Refractories with a Self-glazing Effect

V. Roungos, C.G. Aneziris

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 145 - 149

Keywords: Alumina, graphite, refractories, carbon-bonded, glaze

KAlSiO4-based Potassium Aluminosilicates for Alkali Corrosive Environments

Nora Brachhold, Christos G. Aneziris

Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 93 - 98

Keywords: alkali corrosion, alkali aluminosilicates, KAlSiO4

Key Aspects on Refractories for Molten Aluminium Long-distance Delivery

J. B. Gallo, A. Fornaziero, M. A. L. Braulio, V. C. Pandolfelli, D. R. G. Oliveira

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 105 - 108

Keywords: molten metal delivery, energy savings, thermal efficiency

Latest Developments in Carbon Block for Blast Furnace

Xilai Chen, Tianbin Zhu, Yawei Li, Yiwei Li, Shaobai Sang

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 109 - 114

Keywords: carbon block, micropore structure, thermal conductivity, molten iron erosion, ceramic-bonded carbon technique

Lifetime Critical Analysis of Alumina Calciner Refractories

M. A. L. Braulio, B. Graham, B. H. Teider, V. C. Pandolfelli, J. B. Gallo

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 101-106

Keywords: refractories, calciners, alumina

Low Temperature Molten Salt Synthesis of Complex Oxide and Carbide Powders and Coatings for Refractory Applications

Shaowei Zhang

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 140 - 144

Keywords: oxide powders, carbide powders, coatings, molten salt synthesis (MSS), magnesium aluminate spinel, conventional mixed oxide synthesis (CMOS)

Lower Consumptions by Lightening Refractories

Ningsheng Zhou, Li Zhengkun

Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 59 - 73

Keywords: lightweight aggregate, lightweight castable, property, application, monolithic refractories

Lowering of the Refractory Corrosion in High-temperature Processes

Anne-Katrin Rössel, David Tritschel, Rolf Weigand, Heiko Hessenkemper

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 73 - 75

Keywords: refractory corrosion, glass melt, finger test, surface treatment technology

Magnesia, an Essential Raw Material for Cement Kiln Refractories

Johannes Södje, Hans-Jürgen Klischat

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 77 - 84

Keywords: magnesite, magnesia, cement, rotary kiln, lining concept, refractory wear, resistance

Magnesia-Zirconia Refractory Materials with Aluminate Phases

Jacek Szczerba, Edyta Sniezek

Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 87 - 90

Keywords: MgO, CaZrO3, cement, corrosion

Manufacture of Refractory Multilayer Composites with Optimised Thermal and Chemical Properties Via the Tape Casting Process

Andreas Roosen, Daniel Jakobsen, Ingo Götschel

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 86 - 94

Keywords: refractories, ceramic multilayer technology, tape casting

Mathematical Modeling of RH-degasser Pipe Thermal Strain

A.V. Zabolotskiy, L.M. Akselrod, V.G. Ovsyannikov

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 49 - 56

Keywords: modeling, RH-degasser, thermal cracking, FEM

Methods of Assessing Monolithic Refractories for Material

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 4

MgO–C Bricks Containing Nano-boron Carbide

V. C. Pandolfelli, C. Pagliosa, N. Freire, G. Cholodovskis

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 89 - 92

Keywords: MgO-C bricks, boron carbide, nanotechonology

Microsilica-Gel Bonded Refractory Castables with Improved Set-Behaviour and Mechanical Properties

Hong Peng, Bjørn Myhre

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 69 -79

Keywords: no-cement castable, silica-sol, microsilica, gel-bond, additive

Microstructural Analysis of Magnesia Bricks Operating under Altered Conditions in the Regenerator Condensation Zone of Glass Melting Furnaces

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 57 - 62

Keywords: magnesia bricks, glass melting

Microstructural Development in Calcium Hexaluminate with and without Fe2O3 Doping at Different Forming Method

Swapan Kumar Das, Manidip Jana

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 61 - 65

Keywords: calcium hexaluminate, forming methods, additives, microstructure

Mineralogy and Thermodynamics in Refractories

Andus Buhr

Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 51 - 58

Keywords: phase diagrams, high alumina refractories, steel

Modeling of Thermomechanical Damages of Steel Ladle Shell during Operations*

Lionel Rebouillat, Yong M. Lee

Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 61 - 68

Keywords: steel ladle, damage, thermomechanical modeling, structural insulation

Nanobond – the New Cement Free Castable for Quick Lining and Fast Repairing*

Uwe Kremer, Thomas Schemmel, Helge Jansen, Bertram Kesselheim

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 89 - 92

Keywords: cement free castables, Nanobond

New Additive Package for Microsilica Gel-bonded MgO Castables

Hong Peng, Bjørn Myhre

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 83 - 88

Keywords: MgO castables, additives, self-flowing, microsilica, gel-bond

New Additive Packages for Self-flowing High-alumina and MgO Based Refractory Castables

Hong Peng, Bjørn Myhre

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 99 - 104

Keywords: self-flowing, new dispersants, high-alumina and basic refractory castables, microsilica gel-bonding

New Binder for Refractory Castables

L. Mandecka-Kamien, K. Makuch, A. Rapacz-Kmita

Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 79 - 84

Keywords: binder, calcium bialuminate, synthesis, hydraulic properties , admixtures

New Environmentally Friendly Carbon Bonded

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 6

New Insight on Developing MgO–SiO 2 –H 2 O Gel Bonded MgO Castables

Hong Peng, Bjørn Myhre

Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 83 - 88

Keywords: microsilica gel-bond, MgO hydration, MgO castables, slaking

New Insights into Corrosion Mechanisms of Dense Refractory Castables Containing a Novel Calcium Aluminate Binder

Adriana Borovsky, Chris Parr, Jean-Michel Auvray

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 95 - 98

Keywords: corrosion mechanism, CMA, calcium aluminate, microstructure, refractory castables, alumina-spinel, alumina-magnesia, spinel, CA6

New Perspectives for Investigating the Softening Behaviour of Refractory Products at High Temperature

Erwan Brochen, Christian Dannert, Pascal Pilate

Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 104 - 110

Keywords: high temperature testing, creep, optical dilatometry, SiC castable, AZS

New Sidewall Materials in Aluminum Reduction Cell

Yawei Li, Yibiao Xu

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 101 - 106

Keywords: sidewalls; NiFe2O4; SnO2; composite spinel; electrolyte corrosion resistance, aluminum industry

New Techniques for the Determination of Refractory Material Properties at High Temperatures

Gerhard Seifert, Veronika Schmitt, Friedrich Raether

Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 77 - 84

Keywords: refractory service life, refractory corrosion, thermo-optical measuring devices

No-Cement Refractory Shotcrete and Gunning Mixes

Hong Peng, Bjørn Myhre

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 94 - 98

Keywords: shotcreting, dry-gunning

Non-oxidic Binding Systems of Refractory Products for Metal Melts

Werner Schoenwelski, Jens Sperber, Markus Bay

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 73 -76

Keywords: nitride bond, anti-wetting, non-ferrous metals

Novel Engineered Routes for Advanced Al2O3-MgO Refractory Castables

S.R. van der Laan, M.A.L. Braulio, V.C. Pandolfelli, L.R.M. Bittencourt

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 97 - 101

Keywords: spinel, castables, nanoparticles, mineralizers, engineered refractory castables

Novel Engineering Route to Improve the Green Mechanical Properties of Nano-Bonded Refractory Castables

A. P. Luz, M. Nouri-Khezrabad, V. R. Salvini, F. Golestani-Fard, V. C. Pandolfelli, H. R. Rezaie

Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 83 - 87

Keywords: colloidal silica, refractory castables, green strength

Novel Fluxing Agents for Ladle Slags to Improve

Volume 3, Issue 3

Novel Technological Route to Overcome the Challenging Magnesia Hydration of Cement-free Alumina Castables

Tiago M. Souza, Mariana A. L. Braulio, Victor C. Pandolfelli

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 93 - 98

Keywords: refractory castables, magnesia hydration, acetic acid

Novel Zirconate Based Moulds for the Investment Casting of Titanium Alloy Melts

Christos G. Aneziris, Lisa Freitag, Stefan Schafföner, Nicole Lippert, Claudia Legner, Christina Faßauer, Ulrich E. Klotz

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 74 - 79

Keywords: investment casting, silica-free moulds, titanium alloy melts

Optimisation of the Environmental Footprint of Calcium-Aluminate-Cement Containing Castables

C. Parr, E. Henry-Lanier, M. Szepizdyn, C. Wöhrmeyer

Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 81 - 86

Keywords: Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), calcium aluminate cement, carbon footprint, environmental assessment, refractories

Optimization of Operational Practices to Increase the Working Life of Crucibles for Molten Aluminium Transportation

A. P. Luz, P. M. Braga, V. C. Pandolfelli, M. A. L. Braulio, J. B. Gallo

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 105 - 110

Keywords: crucible, refractory maintenance, pre-heating

Perceptions and Characteristics of Fused and Sintered Refractory Aggregates

Shanka Chatterjee, Marion Schnabel, Jerry Dutton, Andreas Buhr, Dagmar Schmidtmeier

Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 75 - 81

Keywords: refractory aggregates, AMC bricks, vibration mixes, high alumina bricks

Physical and FE-Simulation of Thermal Shock Behaviour of Refractory Ceramics

Vesselin Michailov, Wei Zhang, Nikolay Doynov, Ralf Ossenbrink

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 110 - 117

Keywords: physical and FE-simulation, thermal shock behaviour, refractory ceramics

Physical Modeling of Slag Penetration on the Refractories in a Static Magnetic Field

Pengfei Lian, Wenxuan Zhang, Yunke Chen, Ao Huang, Huangzhi Gu, Yongshun Zou

Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 79 - 86

Keywords: static magnetic feld, slag penetration resistance, physical modeling,electromagnetic damping

Physico-chemical Behaviour of Southern Indian Graphite Used for Refractory Manufacture

A. K. Bhattacharya, António Tomás da Fonseca

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 79 - 82

Keywords: graphite, physico-chemical, behaviour, India

Possible Design of Chromeoxide-free Refractory Castables for Use in Slagging Gasifiers

Patrick Gehre

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 99 - 104

Keywords: refractories, corrosion, alumina, gasification

Process and Materials Development for Functionalized Printing in Three Dimensions (FP-3D)

Dominik Polsakiewicz, Wolfgang Kollenberg

Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 151 - 158

Keywords: 3D-printing, alumina, generative manufacturing

Prolonging CSN BF2 Refractory Lining Campaign Through

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 6

Prospects of Developing Self Glazing Al2O3–C Refractories for Monobloc Stopper Applications

Vasilios Roungos, Christos G. Aneziris

Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 94 - 98

Keywords: alumina, graphite, refractories, carbon-bonded, glaze, antioxidants

Raw Material Innovations – a Key Success Factor in a Fast Changing Refractories World

Christoph Wöhrmeyer, Phil Edwards, Christopher Parr

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 89 - 93

Keywords: refractory raw material, refractory binder, calcium aluminates

Re-engineered Calcium Aluminate Cement for Refractory Castables

M. Schmid, R. Kaden, G. Walenta

Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 69 - 76

Keywords: calcium aluminate cement, hibonite formation

Reaction of some Oxide Ceramics with Molten Aluminium

Yusuke Ishii, Takayuki Ban, Yutaka Ohya

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 43 - 47

Keywords: molten aluminium, reduction, MgO, Y2O3 TiO2, Ellingham diagram

Reactive Andalusite: Properties and Application in Refractory Castable

Xiao-Yong Xiong, Arnaud Derasse, Michael Weissenbacher

Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 073 - 078

Keywords: andalusite, reactive material, ceramic bonding, refractory matrix, refractory castable

Recycling Spent Aluminum Oxide

Don McLeod, Anne Williams

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 83 - 84

Refractory Concrete Behaviour for Anchored Systems under Load Induced Thermal Strain

Greg Palmer, James Millard, Juan Cobos

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 48 - 56

Keywords: refractory, anchors, plastic tips, refractory creep, shrinkage, expansion, Picket effect, designrn

Refractory Corrosion in Industrial Waste Incineration Processes

Dr.-Ing. Thorsten Tonnesen, Prof. Dr. Rainer Telle

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 71 - 76

Refractory Demands on Inductive Melting of Cast Iron

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 8

Refractory Linings in Waste-to-energy Plants – New Developments for Improved Oxidation Resistance

F. Rodrigues, R. Weiss, S. A. Koch

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 63 - 68

Refractory Materials and Systems for Incineration Processes

D. A. Jarvis

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 87 - 90

Refractory Materials for Casting Manganese Alloyed

M. Weider, W. Schärfl, C.G. Aneziris, A. Jahn

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 81 - 86

Keywords: austenitic TRIP steel,manganese, SiO2, refractory, corrosion, cast steel, Bridgman process

Refractory Raw Materials from the Steel Industry

Frank Richter, Harald Seifert

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 83 - 86

Keywords: secondary raw materials, steel industry

Regularities in the Temperature Dependence of the Thermal Conductivity of Refractory Products and Two Metallic Alloy Groups

Axel Eschner

Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 67 - 72

Keywords: refractories, alloys, thermal conductivity

Reliable Grade and Purity Control of Geological Materials by EDXRF

Frank Portala, Kai Behrens

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 69 - 72

Keywords: X-ray fluorescence analysis, XRF, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, EDXRF, geological analysis, mining, grade control, purity control, silicon drift detector

Repair Action of Refractory Linings in High Temperature Reactors

Hartmut Kern, Urs-Peter Steiner, Rudolf Krebs

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 101 - 105

Keywords: emergency repairs, muxing, plastic fibermastic, pre-fabricated shapes

Rheological and Dispersion Behaviour of Calcined Aluminas with Deflocculants

E. Papin, E. Chabas, D. Dumont, C. Ulrich, A. Lafaurie

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 13 - 16

Keywords: calcined alumina, rheological properties, flowable high-alumina concretes, deflocculants

Rheology of High Performance Alumina and Spinel Castables

Marion Schnabel, Andreas Buhr, Jerry Dutton

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 95 - 100

Keywords: alumina and spinel castables, workability, rheology

Rotary Drum Furnace to Investigate the Performance of Refractories for Cement Rotary Kilns

R. Simmat, C. Dannert

Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 93 - 98

Keywords: laboratory testing, cement clinker, rotary drum furnace, refractories

Rotary Kilns for Hazardous Waste Incineration: Refractory Wear Mechanism and Lifetime Prolongation

Jacques Poirier, Adrian Villalba Weinberg, Dominique Goeuriot, Cyrille Varona, Xavier Chaucherie

Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 82 - 86

Keywords: failure analysis, structural spalling, mullite-zirconia

Setting Kinetics of High-dispersed Refractory Castables

Dana Jahn, Olaf Krause, Daniel Cölle, Holger Schaffhauser

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 81 - 88

Keywords: refractory castables, polycarboxylateether, calciumaluminatecements

Silica Sol Bonded High Alumina Castable: Effect of Reduced Sol

Birendra Prasad, Ritwik Sarkar, Arun Kumar, Sarada Prasanna Das

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 83 - 87

Keywords: alumina castable, silica sol, water, processing, characterization

Slag Corrosion of Preceramic Paper Derived Multilayer Oxide Refractory

Andreas Richter, Björn Gutbrod, Matthias Göbbels, Nahum Travitzky, Peter Greil

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 103 - 109

Keywords: preceramic paper, multi-layered, refractories, slag corrosion

Slag Foaming: Fundamentals, Experimental Evaluation and Application in the Steelmaking Industry

V. C. Pandolfelli, A. P. Luz, T. A. Ávila, P. Bonadia

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 91 - 98

Slag Formation and Corrosion of SiC-refractories in Biomass Gasification Reactors

L. Colombel, J. Poirier

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 84 - 88

Keywords: SiC refractories, biomass, gasification, miscanthus ash, corrosion

Spinel: In-situ versus Preformed – Clearing the Myth

Christian Rampitsch, Marion Schnabel, Andreas Buhr, Reinhard Exenberger

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 87-93

Keywords: rnspinel, castables, steel ladlernrn

State-of-the-Art Refractory Linings for Float Glass Furnaces

Amul Gupta, S. Postrach, Bernhard Schmalenbach, Rongxing Bei

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 80 - 83

Keywords: refractory lining options, float glass furnaces, energy consumption

Strain Fields’ Measurements: Novel Engineering Approach to Enrich the Characterisation of Refractories with Non-Linear Mechanical Behaviour

O. Pop, Y. Belrhiti, A. Germaneau, M. Huger, P. Doumalin, T. Chotard, J. C. Dupré

Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 74 - 79

Keywords: digital image correlation, mechanical behaviour characterization, fracture mechanisms, flexibility of refractories

Strength Evolution and Corrosion Resistance of a Cement-Free Al2O3-Castable Containing a Novel Hydraulic Binder Based on α-Alumina

Christian Dunzen, Oliver Splittgerber, Albrecht Wolter

Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 55 - 60

Keywords: NABACAST, no-cement castable, slag resistance

Studies on MgO-Doped Reaction-sintered ZrO2-Al2O3-SiO2

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 6

Study of Refractory Bricks with Improved Alkali Resistance for the Cement Industry

Volkan Demirsan, IIbrahim Büyükcayir

Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 87 - 92

Keywords: abrasion resistance, alkali resistance, thermal shock resistance

Studying of High-alumina and Al2O3–MgO Crucibles Interaction with Heat-proof Alloys Based on Nickel and Cobalt

Svetlana V. Chaplianko, Vladimir V. Primachenko, Ludmila V. Grizuk, Valeriy V. Martynenko, Natalia G. Privalova, Irina G. Shulik

Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 106 - 110

Keywords: alumina, magnesia, crucible, interaction, heat-proof alloy

Synthesis of Molochite Using Fly Ash from Fused Brown Corundum

Yawei Li, Yuanbing L, Lei Zhao, Quan Zhu, Shengli Jin, Xujuan Dai

Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 77 - 78

Keywords: molochite, fly ash, fused brown corundum

Synthetic Fluorphlogopite – Refractory Material for Electrolysers in Non-ferrous Metallurgy

Anna M. Ignatova, Mikhail N. Ignatov

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 98 - 100

Keywords: non-ferrous metallurgy, basalt casting, synthetic fluorphlogopite

The Accelerated Drying of Refractory Concrete – Part 2 Numerical Modelling

Tony Howes, Greg Palmer, Juan Cobos, James Millard

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 89 - 97

Keywords: drying, spalling, refractory, concrete, numerical modelling

The Accelerated Drying of Refractory Concrete – Part I: A Review of Current Understanding

Tony Howes, Greg Palmer, Juan Cobos, James Millard

Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 75 - 83

Keywords: drying, spalling, refractory, Concrete

The Design of Three-Layered Struts to Strengthen SiC Reticulated Porous Ceramics for Porous Media Combustion

Xiong Liang, Yawei Li, Yawei Li

Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 77 - 81

Keywords: SiC reticulated porous ceramics, three-layered strut, mechanical properties, thermal shock resistance

The Development of Improved Lining Material for DRI Shaft Furnaces

J. Sperber

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 64 - 67

Keywords: refractory lining, DRI shaft furnace

The Effect of Curing Medium on the Physico-mechanical Properties of Alkali-activated Slag

M.M. Elwan, H. El-Didamony, S.M. Hafeez

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 71 - 76

Keywords: alcali-activated slag, pig iron

The Effects of Fine and Ultra-fine Particles on the Design of Refractory Ceramics

J. Poirier, P. Prigent, M. L. Bouchetou

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 99 -109

The Enhanced Formation of Magnesium-Silica-Hydrates (M-S-H) Phase in Magnesia Castables

Xu Yibiao, Zhang Yu, Li Yawei, Sang Shaobai

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 89 - 92

Keywords: magnesium-silica-hydrates (M-S-H), magnesia castables, sodium silicate, caustic magnesia

The Formation of Stratlingite in Calcium Aluminate Containing Castable Systems

Makoto Iiyama, Toshio Shinmei, Chris Parr, Makio Ohkawa, Adriana Borovsky

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 89-96

Keywords: calcium aluminate cement, stratlingite, deflocculant, silica fume, sodium tripolyphosphate, hydrates, EPMA, SEM

The Hydration Behaviour of MgO–SiO2–H2O Gel Bonded MgO Castables

Hong Peng, Bjørn Myhre

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 95 - 100

Keywords: MgO castable, brucite formation, crack-free, gel-bonded, microsilica

The Impact of Different Additive Systems upon the Properties of a High Purity Low Cement Castable

Jean-Michel Auvray, Genine Assis, Chris Parr, Herve Fryda

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 58 - 63

Keywords: refractory castables, reactive fillers, calcium aluminate cement, additives, setting characteristics

The Importance of Test Piece Preparation of Unshaped Refractory Products for the Characterisation of Physical Properties According to EN ISO Standards

V. Halapa, J. Marjerrison, S. Martin-Calle

Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 73 - 82

Keywords: monolithics, consistency, water content, testing standard, preparation, repeatability, reproducibility

The Influence of Metallic Antioxidants on some Critical Properties of Magnesia-carbon Refractories

M. K. Haldar, A. K. Rama Rao, A. Ghosh, V. P. Reddy, P. Ray, S. Jena, J. Ghosh, H. S. Tripathi, S. K. Das

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 69 - 74

Keywords: antioxidants, corrosion, MgO-C refractories

The Microstructure Design of the Bonding System and Novel Technical Routes for Si3N4-Bonded SiC-Refractories

Bingqiang Han, Junfeng Chen, Nan Li, Yaowu Wei

Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 91 - 100

Keywords: Si3N4-bonded SiC-refractories, microstructure design, heat-treatment atmosphere, microstructure properties

The Optimisation of Magnesia Containing Castables Containing Calcium Magnesium Aluminate Cement

C. Wöhrmeyer, J.-M. Auvray, S. Li, C. Parr, H. Fryda

Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 63 - 68

Keywords: castable, calcium aluminate, magnesium aluminate, spinel magnesia

The Role of Granulometry and Additives in Optimising the Alumina Matrix in Low Cement Castables

David Dumont, Jérôme Kiennemann, Elodie Chabas, Carol Ulrich

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 77 - 83

Keywords: low cement castables, bimodal aluminas, flowability

The Thermal Insulation of Aluminium Electrolytic Cells

Paschoal Bonadia, Jorge B. Gallo, Victor C. Pandolfelli

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 132 - 139

Keywords: aluminium, pot lining, refractory, thermal insulation

The Understanding of the Microstructural Changes of Refractory Castables after Thermal Shocks through Damping Measurements

Nicolas Traon, Thorsten Tonnesen, Rainer Telle

Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 119-124

Keywords: thermal shock, impulse excitation technique, partially stabilized zirconia, Young’s modulus, damping

The Understanding of the Microstructural Changes of Refractory Castables after Thermal Shocks through Damping Measurements

Nicolas Traon, Thorsten Tonnesen, Rainer Telle

Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 121 - 126

Keywords: thermal shock, impulse, excitation technique, partially stabilized, zirconia, Young’s modulus, damping

The Value of Additives in Refractory Castables Part 1: Castables without Silica Fume

Rainer Kockegey-­Lorenz, Andreas Buhr, Dale Zacherl, Dagmar Schmidtmeier, Shankha Chatterjee, Zhongkai Tian, Jerry Dutton

Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 75 - 82

Keywords: additives, castables, dispersion

The Value of Additives in Refractory Castables – Part 2: Castables with Silica Fume

Dale Zacherl, Dagmar Schmidtmeier, Sebastian Klaus, Andreas Buhr, Jerry Dutton, Zhongkai Tian

Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 51 - 60

Keywords: additives, castables, dispersion

Thermal and Thermomechanical Operating Loads on Ceramic Heat Shields in Stationary Gas Turbines and Laboratory Simulation of these Loads

Holger Grote, Margarete Neuhaus

Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 125 - 131

Keywords: Ceramic heat shields, gas turbines, load simulation, thermal loads, thermo-mechanical operating loads

Thermal Induced Phase Transformations in Mg-PSZ

Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 6

Thermal Shock Resistant Alumina Based Diesel Soot Particulate Filters (DPF)

Dr.-Ing. W. Schärfl

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 102 - 104

Keywords: Diesel soot particulate filters (DPF), aluminabased substrate, ecological alternative, silicon carbide wall flow filters

Thermomechanical Modelling of a Steel Ladle Using Periodical Homogenisation for the Refractory Masonries

L. B. Teixeira, A. Gasser, S. Sinnema, E. Blond, N. Yahmi

Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 76 - 82

Keywords: thermomechanical modelling, refractory masonry, periodic homogenisation, steel ladle

Tin Bath Bottom Blocks – a Comparison of Refractories of the Systems SiO2 – Al2O3 and CaO – Al2O3

G. Boymanns, F. Gebhardt, M. Schilling

Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 77 - 80

Turkey`s Magnesite for Production of Fused Magnesia, Properties and Uses in Refractory Applications

Asim Bilge, Cemalettin Yaman, Nuri Sarioglu

Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 72 - 76

Keywords: magnesite, fused magnesia

Unshaped Refractories

Rudolf Krebs

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 93 - 96

Keywords: unshaped refractories,testing, standardization

Update on the Use of Spherical Particles in NCC

Bjørn Myhre, Hong Peng

Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 59 - 66

Keywords: microalumina, spherical alumina

Use of Secondary Alumina-graphite as Raw Material of Alumina-graphite Silicon Carbide Refractories

Jacques Poirier

Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 97-100

Keywords: recycling, Al2O3-C secondary raw materials, Al2O3-C-SiC refractories, torpedo ladles

Utilization of Waste Products in Refractory Materials

Lukáš Tvrdík, Lucie Vodová, Karel Lang, Pavel Kovár

Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 59 - 66

Keywords: energy by-products, class F fly ash, class C fly ash, refractory materials

Volatilization of Refractory Silica in Hydrogen Water Vapour Gas Streams

Greg Palmer

Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 63 -70

Keywords: refractory, volatilization, silica, reduction

Ways to Reduce the Interaction between Glass Melt and Refractory

R. Weigand, H. Hessenkemper, D. Tritschel

Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 69 - 72

Wear of Monolithic Al2O3–SiC–C Refractories in the Slag Runner of a Cupola Furnace

Jörg Zimmermann, Olaf Krause, Peter Quirmbach

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 85 - 90

Keywords: Al2O3–SiC–C, cupola furnace, wear, post-mortem

Why Is MgO – C Refractory Material Applicable in Steel Metallurgy?

Jürgen Pötschke

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 80 - 94

Keywords: MgO – C refractory, steel metallurgy, slag, oxidation, applicability

Worn Refractory Bricks – Alko: Resource of Corundum and Mullite Clinkers

Ján Derdak, Beatrice Plešingerová, Daša Chudíková, Pavol Vadász, Eva Dedinská

Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 84 - 88

Keywords: recovery, post-morten refractory material, alumina silicate