Bonded Refractories for Extreme Conditions in the Top of Regenerators

Klaus Santowski1, Christian Majcenovic1, Rongxing Bei2

1 RHI AG, Technology Center, 8700 Leoben/Austria
2 RHI GLAS GmbH, 65203 Wiesbaden/Germany

Revision

Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 53-58

Abstract

Keywords

regenerator top, bonded refractories

References

1] Chester, E.G.: Basic brick vs design in checker brick efficiency. The Glass Industry (1941) 157–160 2 Abbey, R.G.: Basic regenerator materials for glass furnaces. The Glass Industry (1949) 268–271 3] Unknown author. Verwendung von Magnesitsteinen in Glashütten. HVG-Mitteilung 627 (1953) 1252–1255 4] Minshall, J.B.; Hicks, J.C.: Performance report of high magnesia refractories in glass furnace regenerators. Ceramic Bull. (1955) 368–371 5] Van Dreser, M.L.: Basic refractories for the glass industry. The Glass Industry (1962) 18– 41 6] Skalla, N.: Über Eigenschaften und Verhalten basischer Gittersteine in Glasöfen. Glastechn. Ber. 33 (1960) 169–173 7] Baumgart, W.: Über das Verhalten eisenarmer Magnesitsteine in den Regenerativkammern von Glasschmelzwannen. Glastechn. Ber. 33 (1960) 173–182 8] Routschka, G.; Majdic, A.: Feuerfeste Baustoffe für die Glasindustrie im Spiegel der Literatur. Glas-Email-Keramo-Technik. 1972, Books 10, 11 and 12 9] Boggum, P.: Auswahl und Verhalten des Feuerfest- Materials in Regeneratoren. Didier Technical Information, Wiesbaden 1974 10] Genhardt, F.; Schumacher, K.: Verschlackungsvorgänge in den Regenerativkammern von Glasschmelzanlagen zur Herstellung von Soda- Kalk-Kieselglas. Presented at XXVIIIth Int. Coll. on Refractories, Aachen, Germany, 10–11 Oct. 1985, 1–27 11] Schmalenbach, B.: Soda lime glass tanks – checker material for checker chambers, wear mechanism and lining recommendation. Didier Technical Information, Wiesbaden 1987 12] Boggum, P.: Basische Steine – ihre Bedeutung für die Glasindustrie. Sonderdruck aus: Sprechsaal (1969) 1–7 13] Schmalenbach, B.; Weichert, T.: Soda lime glass tanks checker material for regenerative chambers wear mechanism and lining recommendations. World Glass 2 (1987) 2–4 14] Weichert, T.; Schmalenbach, B.: Einsatz und Weiterentwicklung von Magnesia-Zircon-Steinen in der Glasindustrie. Presented at XXXVIth Int. Coll. on Refractories, Aachen, Germany, Sept. 27–28 (1993) 76–79 15] Schmalenbach, B.: DURITAL K99Extra in re - gen erator packings. RHI Technical Information, Wiesbaden 2004 16] Schmalenbach, B.; et al.: The use of ceramically bonded corundum and mullite bricks in the superstructure and regenerator of glass melt - ing furnaces. RHI Bull. (2006) [1] 15–19 17] Majcenovic, C.M.; Guo, Z.; Bei, R.: Vanadium input by petroleum coke firing – examples of the corrosive attack on glass regenerator chekker bricks by a volatile from an alternative fuel. RHI Bull. (2011) [2] 37–41 18] Schmalenbach, B.: Konstruktive Merkmale von Wärmerückgewinnungsanlagen. HVG Glasschmelzofenbau – Feuerfeste Werkstoffe und konstruktive Merkmale, Fortbildungskurs, Nürnberg, Germany, Nov. 14–15, 2005, 165– 187 19] Bayram J.; Kaya, L.; Orhan, B.: Developments in glass melting furnace design, energy and en - vir onmental management. Adv. Mater. Re - search. 39–40 (2008) 405–412 20] Schmalenbach, B.; et al.: Refractory lining materials for the regenerator casing of glass melting furnaces: silica, magnesia or mullite? RHI Bull. (2010) [1] 29–31 21] Windle, C.; Wilson, T.: Mullite regenerators – an optimum solution. 70th Conf. on Glass Problems. Ceram. Engin. and Sci. Proc., Columbus, Ohio, 31 (2010) 203–215 22] Heilemann, G.; et al.: Lining concepts for modern glass furnace regenerators. Presented at Furnace Solutions Conf., Stoke-on-Trent, GB, 9 June 2011

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