A Review of Bond Systems for Monolithic Castable Refractories

Carl Zetterstrom, Chris Parr, Jean-Michel Auvray, Magali Szepizdyn, Christoph Wöhrmeyer

Kerneos SA, 92521 Neuilly-sur-Seine/France


Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 63 - 72


A plethora of bonding systems has been developed for monolithic refractories either as proprietary systems or commercial products. This paper will provide a state of the art review of the different bond systems via an extensive literature review. A comparison of different bond systems for alumina-based monolithic castables will be given showing the different comparative characteristics for each system and their advantages as well as the trade off and constraints will be discussed.


monolithic castable refractories, bond systems


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