Cellular Magnesia/Carbon Refractories: Processing, (Thermo-)Mechanical Characterization and Finite Element Modeling

A. Jung1, T. Bleistein1, D. Foetz2, S. Diebels3, D. Quinten4, G. Falk4

1 Saarland University, Institute of Applied Mechanics, Campus A4 2, 66123 Saarbrücken/ Germany
2 Saarland University, Research Group, Structural and Functional Ceramics, Campus C6 3, 66123 Saarbrücken/Germany
3 Saarland University, Institute of Applied Mechanics, Campus A4 2, 66123 Saarbrücken/ Germany
4 Saarland University, Research Group, Structural and Functional Ceramics, Campus C6 3, 66123 Saarbrücken/Germany

Revision 01.02.2015, 07.01.2016

Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 102 - 109


Fabrication steps of MgO–C refractories with a cellular carbon structure are shown: First, the transformation of resin coated polyurethane foams into reticulated vitreous carbon, followed by the antioxidant coatings with zirconia or silicon carbide and then the infiltration with aqueous magnesia slurries. Samples were tested regarding their (thermo-)mechanical properties. In addition, their corrosion behavior in an induction furnace was investigated. Finally, thermal damage after thermal shock of a standard MgO–C brick with randomly distributed carbon was compared with that of a MgO–C sample that contains carbon in a perfect periodic cellular structure by using the finite element analysis with a thermo elastic model.


reticulated vitreous carbon, thermal shock, FEM modeling


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