Novel Zirconate Based Moulds for the Investment Casting of Titanium Alloy Melts

Lisa Freitag1, Nicole Lippert1, Christina Faßauer1, Christos G. Aneziris1, Stefan Schafföner2, Claudia Legner3, Ulrich E. Klotz3

1 Institute of Ceramic, Glass and Construction Materials, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Freiberg/Germany
2 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology NTNU, Trondheim/Norway
3 fem Research Institute for Precious Metals and Metals Chemistry, Schwäbisch Gmünd/Germany

Revision 30.11.2017, 09.12.2017

Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 74 - 79


Investment casting allows the near net shape production of complex cast parts, but the investment casting of high melting and highly reactive titanium alloy melts is very difficult. Calcium zirconate (CaZrO3) is a novel ceramic refractory material, which is particularly stable in a highly reducing atmosphere and in contact with extremely reducing titanium alloy melts such as Ti6Al4V. Besides the refractory, the choice of the binder is equally important because conventional silicate binders significantly impair the corrosion resistance. Although there have been successful attempts to develop CaZrO3 investment casting moulds, silicafree CaZrO3 investment casting moulds using a water-based binder have not yet been reported. For the first time, graded CaZrO3 investment casting moulds using a silica-free water-based binder system were successfully produced [1]. Moreover, the chemical, physical, thermo-mechanical and microstructural properties of the moulds were described. A combination of fine-grained primary coats and coarse-grained secondary coats resulted in a high surface quality as well as sufficient mechanical stability of the moulds. Investment casting of Ti6Al4V led to an exceptionally low hardness increase of the cast part, suggesting that only a slight corrosion reaction took place. Thus, the silica-free CaZrO3 investment casting moulds contributed to an improved investment casting of titanium alloys.


investment casting, silica-free moulds, titanium alloy melts


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